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Thawing Permafrost

Permafrost Carbon in a Warming Arctic

  • J. van Huissteden

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. J. van Huissteden
    Pages 1-50
  3. J. van Huissteden
    Pages 107-177
  4. J. van Huissteden
    Pages 179-274
  5. J. van Huissteden
    Pages 275-366
  6. J. van Huissteden
    Pages 367-432
  7. J. van Huissteden
    Pages 433-463
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 499-508

About this book

Introduction

This book provides a cross-disciplinary overview of permafrost and the carbon cycle by providing an introduction into the geographical distribution of permafrost, with a focus on the distribution of permafrost and its soil carbon reservoirs. The chapters explain the basic physical properties and processes of permafrost soils: ice, mineral and organic components, and how these interact with climate, vegetation and geomorphological processes. In particular, the book covers the role of the large quantities of ice in many permafrost soils which are crucial to understanding carbon cycle processes.

An explanation is given on how permafrost becomes loaded with ice and carbon. Gas hydrates are also introduced. Structures and processes formed by the intense freeze-thaw action in the active layer are considered (e.g. ice wedging, cryoturbation), and the processes that occur as the permafrost thaws, (pond and lake formation, erosion).

The book introduces soil carbon accumulation and decomposition mechanisms and how these are modified in a permafrost environment. A separate chapter deals with deep permafrost carbon, gas reservoirs and recently discovered methane emission phenomena from regions such as Northwest Siberia and the Siberian yedoma permafrost.


Keywords

Soil Carbon Accumulation Carbon Flux Permafrost Carbon Stores Climate Change Greenhouse Gases Cryoturbation

Authors and affiliations

  • J. van Huissteden
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information