Greenspace-Oriented Development

Reconciling Urban Density and Nature in Suburban Cities

  • Julian Bolleter
  • Cristina E. Ramalho

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 1-11
  3. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 13-39
  4. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 41-59
  5. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 61-88
  6. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 89-94

About this book


Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) planning principles have informed Australian city planning for over two decades. As such, policy makers and planners often unquestioningly apply its principles. In contrast, this book critiques TOD and argues that while orientating development towards public transport hubs makes some sense, the application of TOD principles in Australia has proven a significant challenge. As a complementary strategy, the book stakes out the potential of Greenspace-Oriented Development (GOD) in which urban density is correlated with upgraded green spaces with reasonable access to public transport. Concentrating urban densification around green spaces offers many advantages to residents including ecosystem services such as physical and mental health benefits, the mitigation of extreme heat events, biodiversity and clean air and water. Moreover, the open space and leafy green qualities of GOD will ensure it resonates with the lifestyle aspirations of suburban residents who may otherwise resist urban densification. We believe in this way, that GOD could be an urban dream that befits the challenges of this 21st century.


Densification Urban Consolidation Public Open Space Transport Orientated Development (TOD) Green Orientated Development (GOD) Australian Urban Design Green Cities Green Spaces in Cities Urban Greening Strategies

Authors and affiliations

  • Julian Bolleter
    • 1
  • Cristina E. Ramalho
    • 2
  1. 1.Australian Urban Design Research Centre (AUDRC)The University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.School of Biological Sciences, NESP Clean Air and Urban Landscapes HubThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-29600-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-29601-8
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-4165
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-4173
  • Buy this book on publisher's site