© 2020

Turkey’s Political Economy in the 21st Century

  • Emel Parlar Dal

Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Domestic Diversification of Turkey’s Political Economy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-29
    2. Alpay Filiztekin
      Pages 63-84
    3. Seyfettin Gürsel, Gökçe Uysal, Tuba Toru Delibaşı
      Pages 85-114
  3. Instrumental Diversification of Turkey’s Political Economy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. Abdurrahman Korkmaz, Hüseyin Zengin
      Pages 133-161
    3. Hakan Mehmetcik, Sercan Pekel
      Pages 195-213
  4. Geographical Diversification of Turkey’s Political Economy

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 297-303

About this book


This book shows the remarkable diversification in Turkey’s international political economy landscape in the 2000s: its domestic political-economy framework, instrumental alternatives and geographic outreach. It assesses both how an emerging economy like Turkey copes with domestic and external challenges and the question of how substantial Turkey’s recent rise in global politics really is. The volume also explains Turkey’s economic growth and political transformation in line with the changes occurring in world economics, from the Washington Consensus era to the current “mix” or “hybrid” era encompassing both the characteristics of the Post-Washington and Beijing Consensus eras. The contributors portray the complexity of Turkish politics and its fragilities at the political economy level. 

Emel Parlar Dal is Associate Professor at Marmara University’s Department of International Relations, Turkey.  


diversification trade policy financial regulation foreign policy options regional cooperation global financial markets global economy

Editors and affiliations

  • Emel Parlar Dal
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Political ScienceMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey

About the editors

Emel Parlar Dal is Associate Professor at Marmara University’s Department of International Relations, Turkey. 

Bibliographic information


“Turkey’s economic rise over the last two decades has transformed the country in many regards. Domestic economic reforms were a central requirement for a unique transformation. Against this background Turkey quickly picked up a proactive regional and global role. Within a short period of time it started to phase out foreign aid and to become an important provider of development resources. This timely edited volume brings together an important analytical background on the economic rise and the international soft power potential of an essential regional and global player.” (Stephan Klingebiel, Head of Research Programme, German Development Institute, Germany)

“The collection is an impressive analysis of Turkey's current rapidly diversifying political economy amidst the many domestic and international changes and challenges affecting it. It is essential reading for political scientists, economists and policymakers who wish to understand Turkey's present and prospective trajectory, shaped by a retreating US to the west, a rising China to the east and acute financial, economic, social and political issues arising at home. This masterful application of multilevel analysis will enrich scholarship and policy on the G20 and MIKTA too.” (John J. Kirton, Professor, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, University of Toronto, Canada)

Turkey's Political Economy in the 21st Century, edited by Emel Parlar Dal, is a valuable contribution to the growing debate on domestic and external aspects of Turkey's political economy. It should attract the attention of scholars and practitioners. I will certainly use it in my courses on the political economy of Turkey and comparative political economy of emerging powers and the students are likely to find it most useful as a thorough survey of the key issues involved.” (Ziya Öniş, Professor, International Political Economy, Koç University, Istanbul)

“This edited volume, which includes articles by members of the younger generation of Turkish economists along with the more senior ones, makes a very important contribution to our understanding of a variety of current issues surrounding the Turkish political economy. Not only does İt delve deeply into the most pressing problems like income distribution and the labor market, but also into the relatively unexplored spheres such as Turkey’s economic relations with the Sub-Saharan Africa, MENA, and Asia-Pacific regions with emphasis on foreign aid and trade issues. Students of the Turkish economy at home and abroad will no doubt benefit immensely from the insights and able analyses presented in each of the ten chapters of the book.” (Fikret Şenses, Professor, Economics, Middle East Technical University, Turkey)

“This impressive volume, featuring chapters on diverse international and domestic dimensions of Turkey’s political economy, constitutes an insightful case study of contemporary challenges and opportunities for influential middle-income and ‘middle-power’ states. The contributors analyze some of the key factors that influence Turkey’s global economic engagement. This book is an important addition to the literature on Turkey’s role in the world economy, plus on the contemporary significance of middle-income, middle-power, and MIKTA states.” (Jonathan Luckhurst, Associate Professor, International Relations, Graduate School of International Peace Studies, Soka University, Japan)