Animals in the Sociologies of Westermarck and Durkheim

  • Salla Tuomivaara

Part of the The Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series book series (PMAES)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Salla Tuomivaara
    Pages 87-101
  3. Salla Tuomivaara
    Pages 103-182
  4. Salla Tuomivaara
    Pages 183-213
  5. Salla Tuomivaara
    Pages 229-240
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 241-261

About this book


This book explores why animals, at some point, disappeared from the realm and scope of sociology. The role of sociology in the construction of a science of the ‘human’ has been substantial, building representations of the human sphere of life as unique. Within the sociological tradition however, animals have often been invisible, even non-existent. Through in-depth comparisons of the texts of prominent early sociologists Emile Durkheim and Edward Westermarck, Tuomivaara shows that despite this exclusion, representations of animals and human-animal relations were far more varied in early works than in the later sociological cannon.

Addressing a significant gap in the interdisciplinary field of animal studies, Tuomivaara presents a close reading of the historical treatment of animals in the works of Durkheim and Westermarck to determine how the human-animal boundary was established in sociological theory. The diverse forms in which animals and ‘the animal’ appear in the works of early classical sociology are charted and explored, alongside the sociological themes that bring animals into these texts. Situated in contemporary theory, from critical animal studies to posthumanism, this important book lays the groundwork for a disciplinary shift away from this sharp human-animal dualism.


history of sociology Durkheim Wetermarck posthumanism sociological animal studies human-animal studies anthropology animal ethics

Authors and affiliations

  • Salla Tuomivaara
    • 1
  1. 1.HelsinkiFinland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-26862-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-26863-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site