Redefining Scientific Thinking for Higher Education

Higher-Order Thinking, Evidence-Based Reasoning and Research Skills

  • Mari Murtonen
  • Kieran Balloo

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Components of Scientific Thinking in Higher Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Rebecca Shargel, Lisa Twiss
      Pages 79-103
  3. Challenges for the Development of Scientific Thinking in Higher Education

  4. Fostering the Development of Scientific Thinking in Higher Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 177-177
    2. Erno Lehtinen, Jake McMullen, Hans Gruber
      Pages 179-202
    3. Angela Brew, Lilia Mantai, Aprill Miles
      Pages 233-253
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 255-261

About this book


This book examines the learning and development process of students’ scientific thinking skills. Universities should prepare students to be able to make judgements in their working lives based on scientific evidence. However, an understanding of how these thinking skills can be developed is limited. This book introduces a new broad theory of scientific thinking for higher education; in doing so, redefining higher-order thinking abilities as scientific thinking skills. This includes critical thinking and understanding the basics of science, epistemic maturity, research and evidence-based reasoning skills and contextual understanding. The editors and contributors discuss how this concept can be redefined, as well as the challenges educators and students may face when attempting to teach and learn these skills. This edited collection will be of interest to students and scholars of student scientific skills and higher-order thinking abilities. 


Critical Thinking Scientific Thinking Research skills Knowledge building Research methods

Editors and affiliations

  • Mari Murtonen
    • 1
  • Kieran Balloo
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Education and CultureTampere UniversityTampereFinland
  2. 2.Department of Higher EducationUniversity of SurreyGuildfordUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG, part of Springer Nature 2019
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Education
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-24214-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-24215-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site