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Atlas of Macroscopic Wood Identification

With a Special Focus on Timbers Used in Europe and CITES-listed Species

  • Flavio Ruffinatto
  • Alan Crivellaro

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Basics of Wood Structure, Materials and Methods, Identification Key

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 3-5
    3. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 7-8
    4. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 9-10
    5. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 11-29
    6. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 31-35
  3. Wood Specifications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-37
    2. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 39-97
    3. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 99-140
    4. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 141-182
    5. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 183-236
    6. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 237-285
    7. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 287-342
    8. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 343-383
    9. Flavio Ruffinatto, Alan Crivellaro
      Pages 385-416
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 417-439

About this book

Introduction

This atlas presents macroscopic descriptions, macro cross section pictures, general characteristics and identification keys of 335 wood species currently introduced in the European timber market from all over the world. Overall 292 different genera are represented and CITES-listed timbers are also included. Macroscopic descriptions are based on a recently proposed list of macroscopic features for wood identification. Macroscopic features and their codes are defined and illustrated in the atlas. Wood descriptions also include information about natural durability, physical and mechanical properties, end uses, environmental sustainability and possible related misleading commercial names. Furthermore, each genus is described in terms of number of species, geographical distribution and main commercial timbers, and details are given about to what extent timbers within the genus can be typically identified through macroscopic and microscopic analysis, if any.

The atlas will be a valuable guide for all agents in charge for timber verification, those involved in the European Timber Regulation enforcement and CITES inspections, as well as wood scientists, foresters, wood sellers, wood restorers, and any wood worker and wood passionate interested in a fast and reliable tool for wood identification.

Keywords

Macroscopic wood identification European Timber Regulation Wood anatomy Forensic identification Wood commerce CITES Timber market

Authors and affiliations

  • Flavio Ruffinatto
    • 1
  • Alan Crivellaro
    • 2
  1. 1.Department TeSAFUniversity of PadovaLegnaro, ITItaly
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Bibliographic information