Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Context and Vision

  4. Housing the Masses: Establishing Socialist-Modernist Housing Estates in the Baltic Countries

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-137
    2. Sandra Treija, Uģis Bratuškins
      Pages 161-180 Open Access
    3. Viltė Janušauskaitė
      Pages 181-199 Open Access
  5. Exploring the Socio-Demographic and Ethnic Characteristics of Previous and Current Housing Estate Dwellers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 201-201
    2. Anneli Kährik, Karin Kangur, Kadri Leetmaa
      Pages 203-223 Open Access
    3. Zaiga Krišjāne, Māris Bērziņš, Guido Sechi, Jānis Krūmiņš
      Pages 225-245 Open Access
    4. Donatas Burneika, Rūta Ubarevičienė, Aušra Baranuskaitė
      Pages 247-270 Open Access
  6. Complexities of Built Environments in Housing Estates

  7. Imagining the Future Lives of Housing Estates

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 337-337
    2. Kalle Kuusk, Jarek Kurnitski
      Pages 339-355 Open Access
    3. Rein Ahas, Veronika Mooses, Pilleriine Kamenjuk, Raimond Tamm
      Pages 357-375 Open Access
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 377-383

About this book


This open access book focuses on the formation and later socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in the Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. It also explores claims that a distinctly “westward-looking orientation” in their design produced housing estates that were superior in design to those produced elsewhere in the Soviet Union (between 1944 and 1991, Estonia was a member republic of the USSR).
The first two parts of the book provide contextual material to help readers understand the vision behind housing estates in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. These sections present the background of housing estates in the Baltic Republics as well as challenges and debates concerning their formation, evolution, and present condition and importance. Subsequent parts of the book consist of:

  • demographic analyses of the socioeconomic characteristics and ethnicity of housing estate residents (past and present) in the three Baltic capital cities, 
  • case studies of people and places related to housing estates in the Baltic countries, and 
  • chapters exploring relevant special topics and themes.

This book will be of interest to students, scholars, and advocates interested in understanding the past, present, and future importance of housing estates in the Baltic countries.


Geography of Large Housing Estates Urban Unrest Socio-Economic Segregation Social Problems and Housing Planning Interventions Urban Population Inequalities Open Access

Editors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Architecture and PlanningUniversity at Buffalo, State University of New YorkBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Centre for Migration and Urban StudiesUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019
  • License CC BY
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-23391-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-23392-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2365-757X
  • Series Online ISSN 2365-7588
  • Buy this book on publisher's site