Contestations of Liberal Order

The West in Crisis?

  • Marko Lehti
  • Henna-Riikka Pennanen
  • Jukka Jouhki

Table of contents

About this book


This volume explores the Western-led liberal order that is claimed to be in crisis. Currently, the West appears less as a modernizing or civilizing entity leading the way and more as being engulfed in a deep crisis. Simultaneously, the West still appears to be needed in order to imagine the global order by promoters of liberal peace as well as its opponents. This book asks how and why “crisis” is needed for constituting “the West,” liberal, and global order and how these three are conjoined and reinvented. The book encompasses narratives endorsing and rejecting the West and the liberal international order, as well as alternative visions for a post-Western world conceived within the rising and challenging powers. The study is of interest to scholars and students of international relations, critical security studies, peace and conflict research, and social sciences in general.

Marko Lehti is Professor at Tampere Peace Research Institute (TAPRI) at Tampere University, Finland. His research focuses on peace mediation and dialogues, crises of liberal peace, transformation of identities, and the idea of Nordic peace. His recent publication is The Era of Private Peacemakers (Palgrave 2019).

Henna-Riikka Pennanen is Postdoctoral Researcher at the Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Turku, Finland. Her research focuses on the United States–East Asia relations in the past and present.

Jukka Jouhki is Senior Lecturer of Anthropology at the Department of History and Ethnology, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. He is the Director of The West Network endorsing multidisciplinary research on ‘the West’. His research focuses on communities and their identities.


liberal liberal international order the West crisis hegemony liberal world order liberal peace legitimacy crisis narratives civilization identity ontological security identification foreign policy Occidentalism Orientalism illiberalism tolerance open society humanitarianism

Editors and affiliations

  • Marko Lehti
    • 1
  • Henna-Riikka Pennanen
    • 2
  • Jukka Jouhki
    • 3
  1. 1.Tampere Peace Research InstituteTampere UniversityTampereFinland
  2. 2.Turku Institute for Advanced StudiesUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Department of History and EthnologyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland

Bibliographic information