Intellectuals and Fascism in Interwar Romania

The Criterion Association

  • Cristina A. Bejan

Part of the Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe book series (MOMEIDSEE)

About this book


In 1930s Bucharest, some of the country’s most brilliant young intellectuals converged to form the Criterion Association. Bound by friendship and the dream of a new, modern Romania, their members included historian Mircea Eliade, critic Petru Comarnescu, Jewish playwright Mihail Sebastian and a host of other philosophers and artists. Together, they built a vibrant cultural scene that flourished for a few short years, before fascism and scandal splintered their ranks. Cristina Bejan asks how the far-right Iron Guard came to eclipse the appeal of liberalism for so many of Romania’s intellectual elite, drawing on diaries, memoirs and other writings to examine the collision of culture and extremism in the interwar years. The first English-language study of Criterion and the most thorough to date in any language, this book grapples with the complexities of Romanian intellectual life in the moments before collapse.


communism in Romania Young Generation Iron Guard interwar Bucharest interwar Romania Legionary Movement Romanian fascism Romanian intellectuals Mircea Eliade Emil Cioran Petru Comarnescu Mihail Sebastian Eugène Ionescu Nae Ionescu

Authors and affiliations

  • Cristina A. Bejan
    • 1
  1. 1.Duke UniversityDurhamUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-20164-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-20165-4
  • Series Print ISSN 2523-7985
  • Series Online ISSN 2523-7993
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