Epistemology of the Quran

Elements of a Virtue Approach to Knowledge and Understanding

  • M. Ashraf Adeel

Table of contents

About this book


This book examines all verses of the Quran involving knowledge related concepts. It begins with the argument that an analysis of the Quranic concept of ignorance points to epistemic virtues that can pave our way towards gaining knowledge and/or understanding. It deals with the Quranic concepts of perceptual, rational, and revelatory knowledge as well as understanding and wisdom in the light of recent discussions in Western analytic epistemology. It also argues that the relevant Quranic verses seem to involve concept of an epistemic conscience whose proper exercise can yield knowledge or understanding. While not overlooking the Quranic emphasis on revelation as a source of knowledge, the book draws our attention to a remarkable overlap between some strains of contemporary virtue epistemology and Quranic approach to knowledge. It shows that the Quranic verses suggest a progressive sequence from propositional knowledge to understanding to wisdom.

About the Author:

Former Vice Chancellor of Hazara University in Pakistan, M. Ashraf Adeel is Professor of Philosophy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania. He earned his PhD in Philosophy of Science/Language with distinction from University of Hawaii, has held Professorship at University of Peshawar, and was a Senior Visiting Fellow at Linacre College Oxford in 1999. He publishes research in Philosophy of Science and Language as well as Modern Islamic Thought and is a poet and playwright.


Epistemic Concepts in the Quran Virtue Epistemology Intellectual Virtues Ignorance and Episteme Virtues Knowledge and True Belief Perceptual and Rational Knowledge Epistemic State of Understanding Wisdom and Understanding Revealed Knowledge Skepticism and Luck

Authors and affiliations

  • M. Ashraf Adeel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyKutztown University of PennsylvaniaKutztownUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-17557-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-17558-0
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-1107
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-1115
  • Buy this book on publisher's site