Commercial Space Exploration

Potential Contributions of Private Actors to Space Exploration Programmes

  • Clelia Iacomino

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Also part of the SpringerBriefs from the European Space Policy Institute book sub series (BRIEFSESPI)

Table of contents

About this book


This book offers a comprehensive overview of current space exploration in terms of geopolitical and commercial aspects. Despite multiple attempts to foster commercial activities in the field of space exploration, for decades the domain largely continued to be funded and led by governments in the form of national and international programmes. However, the situation changed with the retirement of the Space Shuttle and the introduction of NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) programme, which employed an innovative procurement scheme based on competitive, performance-based, fixed-price milestones. The success of this programme marked an important milestone in the evolution of the relationship between government and industry. The growing opportunities for private actors to make more prominent contributions to space exploration also lie in the “New Space” ecosystem, a sectoral transformation characterised by a substantial increase in private investment and the emergence of commercial efforts to develop disruptive concepts and address new markets. 


space exploration commercial services for space exploration new space public-private-partnership business development

Authors and affiliations

  • Clelia Iacomino
    • 1
  1. 1.European Space Policy InstituteViennaAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Law and Criminology
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-15750-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-15751-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2191-530X
  • Series Online ISSN 2191-5318
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