Brain Art

Brain-Computer Interfaces for Artistic Expression

  • Anton Nijholt

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. History, State of the Art, and Developments of Brain Art

  3. Exploring Our ‘Self’ with Brain Art

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Suzanne Dikker, Sean Montgomery, Suzan Tunca
      Pages 161-206
    3. Karen Lancel, Hermen Maat, Frances Brazier
      Pages 207-228
  4. Your Brain on Art: Perceiving, Understanding, and Creating

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 263-263
    2. Zakaria Djebbara, Lars Brorson Fich, Klaus Gramann
      Pages 265-282
    3. Jesus G. Cruz-Garza, Girija Chatufale, Dario Robleto, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal
      Pages 283-308
    4. Eric Todd, Jesus G. Cruz-Garza, Austin Moreau, James Templeton, Jose Luis Contreras-Vidal
      Pages 309-323
  5. Using Brain Art in Therapy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 325-325
    2. Stephanie M. Scott, Chris Raftery, Charles Anderson
      Pages 327-354
    3. Rainbow Tin Hung Ho, Sunee H. Markosov, Nathan Sanders, Chang S. Nam
      Pages 355-373
  6. Brain Art: Control, Tools, Technology, and Hacking

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 375-375
    2. Richard Ramchurn, Sarah Martindale, Max L. Wilson, Steve Benford, Alan Chamberlain
      Pages 377-408
    3. Christoph Guger, Brendan Z. Allison, Martin Walchshofer, Sarah Breinbauer
      Pages 447-473

About this book


This is the first book on brain-computer interfaces (BCI) that aims to explain how these BCI interfaces can be used for artistic goals. Devices that measure changes in brain activity in various regions of our brain are available and they make it possible to investigate how brain activity is related to experiencing and creating art. Brain activity can also be monitored in order to find out about the affective state of a performer or bystander and use this knowledge to create or adapt an interactive multi-sensorial (audio, visual, tactile) piece of art. Making use of the measured affective state is just one of the possible ways to use BCI for artistic expression.

We can also stimulate brain activity. It can be evoked externally by exposing our brain to external events, whether they are visual, auditory, or tactile. Knowing about the stimuli and the effect on the brain makes it possible to translate such external stimuli to decisions and commands that help to design, implement, or adapt an artistic performance, or interactive installation. Stimulating brain activity can also be done internally. Brain activity can be voluntarily manipulated and changes can be translated into computer commands to realize an artistic vision.

The chapters in this book have been written by researchers in human-computer interaction, brain-computer interaction, neuroscience, psychology and social sciences, often in cooperation with artists using BCI in their work. It is the perfect book for those seeking to learn about brain-computer interfaces used for artistic applications.


Brain-Computer Interfaces Multi-party and Hybrid Brain-computer Interfaces Artistic Brain-Computer Interfaces Audio-visual Landscapes Passive Brain-Computer Interfacing

Editors and affiliations

  • Anton Nijholt
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Media Interaction, Faculty of EEMCSUniversiteit TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Computer Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-14322-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-14323-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site