The Process of Psychotherapy

Causation and Chance

  • Wolfgang Tschacher
  • Hermann Haken

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 21-30
  3. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 31-40
  4. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 41-58
  5. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 59-70
  6. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 71-80
  7. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 93-119
  8. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 121-152
  9. Wolfgang Tschacher, Hermann Haken
    Pages 153-167
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 169-172

About this book


This book describes an encompassing modeling approach to psychotherapy, created with the most recent research in the field. Therapeutic interventions are staged within a therapist-client relationship ('alliance'), and become effective by the interplay of deterministic ('causation') and stochastic ('chance') forces. The authors use a Fokker-Planck approach complemented by a structural-mathematical framework from complexity theory. 

Chapters present statistical tools, which can be applied to analyze the differing time series that depict therapeutic processes. Chapters include examples of how to use these tools within research. The approach adopted in the book – contemporary psychotherapy terminology combined with a systems-theoretical model and algorithms for quantitative psychotherapy research – has the potential to become the new benchmark in psychotherapy. 

The Process of Psychotherapy is an informative and sophisticated resource for all levels of students, from undergraduate through post-doctoral studies, in the fields of psychology, cognitive psychology, and psychotherapy.


Psychotherapy Deterministic Causation Stochastic Chance Fokker-Planck approach Principles of synergetics Therapeutic interventions Deterministic Interventions Stochastic Interventions

Authors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Tschacher
    • 1
  • Hermann Haken
    • 2
  1. 1.Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und PsychotherapieUniversitäre Psychiatrische, Dienste BernBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut für Theoretische Physik und SynergetikUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

Bibliographic information