Handbook of Children and Prejudice

Integrating Research, Practice, and Policy

  • Hiram E. Fitzgerald
  • Deborah J. Johnson
  • Desiree Baolian Qin
  • Francisco A. Villarruel
  • John Norder

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xl
  2. Framing Life Course Impacts of Prejudice

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Deborah J. Johnson, Desiree Baolian Qin, Francisco A. Villarruel, John Norder
      Pages 3-22
    3. Adam J. Hoffman, Deborah Rivas-Drake, Isis H. Settles, Shelia T. Brassel, Bernardette J. Pinetta
      Pages 23-41
  3. Part II

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-65
    2. Lucia Ciciolla, Mira Armans, Samantha Addante, Amy Huffer
      Pages 67-97
    3. Amanda R. Burkholder, Alexander P. D’Esterre, Melanie Killen
      Pages 115-130
    4. Kristine J. Ajrouch, Germine H. Awad
      Pages 147-159
    5. Maria Espinola, Jenny Zhen-Duan, Gabriela Suarez-Cano, Ivana Mowry-Mora, James M. Shultz
      Pages 161-180
    6. Christie M. Poitra, John Norder
      Pages 181-191
  4. Part III

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 213-215
    2. Diamond Y. Bravo, Julia Jefferies, Avriel Epps, Nancy E. Hill
      Pages 269-287
    3. Sudha Sankar, Heather L. McCauley, Deborah J. Johnson, Barbara Thelamour
      Pages 289-302
    4. Alison J. Chrisler, Elizabeth G. Holman
      Pages 303-313
  5. Part IV

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 349-351
    2. Ellen E. Pinderhughes, Judith C. Scott, Jessica A. K. Matthews
      Pages 353-373
    3. Meenal Rana, Deborah J. Johnson, Desiree Baolian Qin
      Pages 405-420
    4. Caitlin Cavanagh, Amie L. Nielsen, Francisco A. Villarruel
      Pages 421-446
    5. Maggi Price, Christy Olezeski, Thomas J. McMahon, Nancy E. Hill
      Pages 447-461
  6. Part V

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 463-466
    2. Martale J. Davis, Tiffany Rowell, Robert E. Stadulis, Angela Neal-Barnett
      Pages 467-476
    3. Sheena Mirpuri, Charles Ray, Amada Hassan, Meera Aladin, Yijie Wang, Tiffany Yip
      Pages 477-499
    4. Ashley Stewart, Joshua Schuschke, Brendesha Tynes
      Pages 501-513
    5. Melissa Y. Delgado, Rajni L. Nair, Katharine H. Zeiders, Samantha K. Jones
      Pages 515-531
    6. Jaime Chahin, Juan R. Jaimes Costilla
      Pages 551-565
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 615-633

About this book


This handbook examines the effects and influences on child and youth development of prejudice, discrimination, and inequity as well as other critical contexts, including implicit bias, explicit racism, post immigration processes, social policies, parenting and media influences. It traces the impact of bias and discrimination on children, from infancy through emerging adulthood with implications for later years. The handbook explores ways in which the expanding social, economic, and racial inequities in society are linked to increases in negative outcomes for children through exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Chapters examine a range of ACEs – low income, separation/divorce, family substance abuse and mental illness, exposure to neighborhood and/or domestic violence, parental incarceration, immigration and displacement, and parent loss through death. Chapters also discuss discrimination and prejudice within the adverse experiences of African American, Asian American, European American, Latino, Native American, Arab American, and Sikh as well as LGBTQ youth and non-binary children. Additionally, the handbook elevates dynamic aspects of resilience, adjustment, and the daily triumphs of children and youth faced with issues related to prejudice and differential treatment.

Topics featured in the Handbook include:

  • The intergenerational transmission of protective parent responses to historical trauma.
  • The emotional impact of the acting-white accusation.
  • DREAMers and their experience growing up undocumented in the USA.
  • Online racial discrimination and its relation to mental health and academic outcomes.
  • Teaching strategies for preventing bigoted behavior in class.
  • Emerging areas such as sociopolitical issues, gender prejudice, and dating violence.

The Handbook of Children and Prejudice is a must-have resource for researchers, graduate students, clinicians, therapists, and other professionals in clinical child and school psychology, social work, public health, developmental psychology, pediatrics, family studies, juvenile justice, child and adolescent psychiatry, and educational psychology.


African American children, teacher race, & academic achievement American Indian, Alaska Native children and prejudice Arab Americans and childhood prejudice Asian American youth and racial discrimination Ecological approach to the study of childhood prejudice Ethnic and racial prejudice and child development Families, peers, and prejudice Gender identity, LGBTQ youth, and discrimination Implicit and explicit prejudice and early childhood Juvenile justice system and prejudice Latino children and discrimination in the United States Muslim children, identity-based and religious discrimination Prejudice, pregnancy, and early child development Prosocial behaviors, resilience, and prejudice Prosocial behaviors, resilience, and prejudice Sikh youth development and discrimination Social inclusion and exclusion during childhood Social media, youth, and discrimination exposure Trauma, identity, and child development Western Australian Aboriginal children, youth, and racism

Editors and affiliations

  • Hiram E. Fitzgerald
    • 1
  • Deborah J. Johnson
    • 2
  • Desiree Baolian Qin
    • 3
  • Francisco A. Villarruel
    • 4
  • John Norder
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  4. 4.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  5. 5.Department of AnthropologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Bibliographic information