Trilingual Education in Hong Kong Primary Schools

  • Lixun Wang
  • Andy Kirkpatrick

Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 33)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 1-8
  3. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 9-31
  4. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 33-64
  5. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 65-78
  6. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 79-100
  7. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 101-125
  8. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 127-146
  9. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 147-165
  10. Lixun Wang, Andy Kirkpatrick
    Pages 185-187

About this book


This book focuses on Hong Kong as a multilingual society. It investigates how trilingual education is implemented in Hong Kong primary schools. Based on a large scale survey of 155 Hong Kong schools and in-depth case studies in 3 selected schools, the book gives an overview of trilingual education in Hong Kong primary schools, revealing the views on trilingual education of all stakeholders: school principals, panel chairs, subject teachers, students, and parents. The research findings presented in this book suggest that the implementation of trilingual education varies significantly from school to school, as does the effectiveness of the trilingual education models used. It shows how students’ views towards the use of different media of instruction (MoIs) also vary, and how their mother-tongue backgrounds affect their perceptions. By documenting views, policies and implementation methods, the book provides insight into the practice of trilingual education in Hong Kong and offers suggestions on potentially effective implementation methods.

This book serves as a good reference for students and scholars of multilingualism and multilingual education. The detailed investigation of the trilingual education model in Hong Kong provides us with a vivid picture of the implementation of trilingual policy in post-colonial Hong Kong. The findings present a solid reference for multilingual education in contemporary multilingual settings. Linda Tsung, The University of Sydney, Australia


Trilingual education Primary school Medium of instruction Multilingualism Hong Kong language policy Education policies in schools Multilingual education in primary schools

Authors and affiliations

  • Lixun Wang
    • 1
  • Andy Kirkpatrick
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Linguistics and Modern Language StudiesThe Education University of Hong KongTai PoHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Languages & LinguisticsGriffith UniversityNathanAustralia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-11080-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-11081-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-3208
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-3216
  • Buy this book on publisher's site