The Duckweed Genomes

  • Xuan Hieu Cao
  • Paul Fourounjian
  • Wenqin Wang

Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Paul Fourounjian, Tamra Fakhoorian, Xuan Hieu Cao
    Pages 1-17
  3. Nicholas P. Tippery, Donald H. Les
    Pages 19-38
  4. K. S. Sree, K.-J. Appenroth
    Pages 39-46
  5. Xuan Hieu Cao, Giang T. H. Vu
    Pages 47-57
  6. Jiaming Zhang, Azizullah Azizullah
    Pages 59-65
  7. Xiaoli Xiang, Changsheng Li
    Pages 67-75
  8. Dong An, Wenqin Wang
    Pages 77-85
  9. Yating Zhang, Wenqin Wang
    Pages 103-114
  10. M. Bog, S. Xu, A. Himmelbach, R. Brandt, F. Wagner, K.-J. Appenroth et al.
    Pages 115-123
  11. Yang Fang, Anping Du, Li Tan, Kaize He, Yanling Jin, Yanqiang Ding et al.
    Pages 125-131
  12. Paul Fourounjian
    Pages 133-136
  13. Yang Fang, Anping Du, Li Tan, Kaize He, Yanling Jin, Xueping Tian et al.
    Pages 137-141
  14. Jingjing Yang, Shiqi Hu, Gaojie Li, Suliman Khan, Sunjeet Kumar, Lunguang Yao et al.
    Pages 143-155
  15. Paul Fourounjian
    Pages 157-164
  16. Thomas Reinard, Anke Londenberg, Merlin Brychcy, Kim Lühmann, Gerrich Behrendt, Maren Wichmann
    Pages 165-177
  17. Giang T. H. Vu, Paul Fourounjian, Wenqin Wang, Xuan Hieu Cao
    Pages 179-185

About this book


This book tells the story behind the first Spirodela genome sequencing project. Further, it describes the current genomics applications of these findings, and efforts to sequence new genomes within the family. The closing chapters address the sequencing of the over 1 Gigabase Wolffia genomes, which could have major impacts on genome evolution and agricultural research. 
The duckweed or Lemnaceae family is a collection of 5 genera and 37 species of the smallest, fastest-growing flowering plants. Many of these aquatic monocotyledonous plants can grow all over the world, in a variety of climates. Given their simplified and neotenous morphology, duckweeds have been researched for several decades as a model species for plant physiology and ecotoxicological research, contributing to our understanding e.g. of flowering response, plant circadian systems, sulfur assimilation pathways and auxin biosynthesis. In addition, duckweed-based treatment has been a favorite and feasible means, especially in developing countries, of removing phosphorus and pharmaceutical chemicals from sewage and wastewater.

With a dry annual mass yield per hectare of up to 80 tonnes (equivalent to 10 tonnes of protein), duckweed is also a promising aquatic crop in new modern and sustainable agriculture. Besides being an excellent primary or supplemental feedstock for the production of livestock and fish, duckweed biomass can be utilized as a potential resource for human nutrition, biofuel, or bioplastics, depending on water quality as well as protein or starch accumulating procedures. These academic and commercial interests have led to international efforts to sequence the Spirodela polyrhiza genome, the smallest and most ancient genome in the family.


whole genome sequencing molecular mapping of genes Spirodela spp. Lemnaceae family model plant ecotoxicological research aquatic plant bioremediation feedstock

Editors and affiliations

  • Xuan Hieu Cao
    • 1
  • Paul Fourounjian
    • 2
  • Wenqin Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant PhysiologyInstitute of Biology, Martin-Luther-University of Halle-WittenbergHalle (Saale)Germany
  2. 2.Waksman Institute of MicrobiologyRutgers UniversityPiscatawayUSA
  3. 3.School of Agriculture and BiologyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-11044-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-11045-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2199-4781
  • Series Online ISSN 2199-479X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site