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Single-Shot 3D Sensing Close to Physical Limits and Information Limits

  • Florian Willomitzer
Book

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Florian Willomitzer
    Pages 5-28
  3. Florian Willomitzer
    Pages 53-68
  4. Florian Willomitzer
    Pages 131-145
  5. Florian Willomitzer
    Pages 147-155
  6. Florian Willomitzer
    Pages 157-165
  7. Florian Willomitzer
    Pages 167-169
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 171-174

About this book

Introduction

This thesis discusses the physical and information theoretical limits of optical 3D metrology, and, based on these principal considerations, introduces a novel single-shot 3D video camera that works close to these limits. There are serious obstacles for a “perfect” 3D-camera: The author explains that it is impossible to achieve a data density better than one third of the available video pixels. Available single-shot 3D cameras yet display much lower data density, because there is one more obstacle: The object surface must be “encoded” in a non-ambiguous way, commonly by projecting sophisticated patterns. However, encoding devours space-bandwidth and reduces the output data density. The dissertation explains how this profound dilemma of 3D metrology can be solved, exploiting just two synchronized video cameras and a static projection pattern.

The introduced single-shot 3D video camera, designed for macroscopic live scenes, displays an unprecedented quality and density of the 3D point cloud. The lateral resolution and depth precision are limited only by physics. Like a hologram, each movie-frame encompasses the full 3D information about the object surface and the observation perspective can be varied while watching the 3D movie.

Keywords

3D Image Acquisition 3D Measurement Optical 3D Metrology Information Efficiency Virtual Reality Surface Shape Acquisition Structured Light Active Triangulation Single-Shot 3D Sensing 3D Scanner High Resolution

Authors and affiliations

  • Florian Willomitzer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10904-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-10903-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-10904-2
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • Buy this book on publisher's site