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Population Genomics

Concepts, Approaches and Applications

  • Om P. Rajora

Part of the Population Genomics book series (POGE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Gordon Luikart, Marty Kardos, Brian K. Hand, Om P. Rajora, Sally N. Aitken, Paul A. Hohenlohe
      Pages 3-79
  3. Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 81-81
    2. J. A. Holliday, E. M. Hallerman, D. C. Haak
      Pages 83-125
    3. Jarkko Salojärvi
      Pages 127-160
  4. Concepts and Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 177-177
    2. Ehren R. V. Moler, Abdulkadir Abakir, Maria Eleftheriou, Jeremy S. Johnson, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Lara C. Lewis et al.
      Pages 179-260
    3. Niko Balkenhol, Rachael Y. Dudaniec, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Jeremy S. Johnson, David M. Cairns, Gernot Segelbacher et al.
      Pages 261-322
    4. Dunia Pino Del Carpio, Roberto Lozano, Marnin D. Wolfe, Jean-Luc Jannink
      Pages 361-425
    5. Elisabeth Jonas, Freddy Fikse, Lars Rönnegård, Elena Flavia Mouresan
      Pages 427-480
  5. Population, Evolutionary and Ecological Genetics Applications and Inferences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 481-481
    2. Paul A. Hohenlohe, Brian K. Hand, Kimberly R. Andrews, Gordon Luikart
      Pages 483-510
    3. Jordi Salmona, Rasmus Heller, Martin Lascoux, Aaron Shafer
      Pages 511-537
    4. Jeremy S. Johnson, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Om P. Rajora, Keith D. Gaddis, David M. Cairns
      Pages 539-585
    5. Nicola J. Nadeau, Takeshi Kawakami
      Pages 613-653
    6. Shana R. Welles, Katrina M. Dlugosch
      Pages 655-683
    7. Samantha Wilkinson, Pamela Wiener
      Pages 709-753
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 807-822

About this book

Introduction

Population genomics has revolutionized various disciplines of biology including population, evolutionary, ecological and conservation genetics, plant and animal breeding, human health, medicine and pharmacology by allowing to address novel and long-standing questions with unprecedented power and accuracy. It employs large-scale or genome-wide genetic information and bioinformatics to address various fundamental and applied aspects in biology and related disciplines, and provides a comprehensive genome-wide perspective and new insights that were not possible before. These advances have become possible due to the development of new and low-cost sequencing and genotyping technologies and novel statistical approaches and software, bioinformatics tools, and models. 

Population genomics is tremendously advancing our understanding the roles of evolutionary processes, such as mutation, genetic drift, gene flow, and natural selection, in shaping up genetic variation at individual loci and across the genome and populations; improving  the assessment of population genetic parameters or processes such as adaptive evolution, effective population size, gene flow, admixture, inbreeding and outbreeding depression, demography, and biogeography; resolving evolutionary histories and phylogenetic relationships of extant, ancient and extinct species; understanding the genomic basis of fitness, adaptation, speciation, complex ecological and economically important traits, and disease and insect resistance; facilitating forensics, genetic medicine and pharmacology; delineating conservation genetic units; and understanding the genetic effects of resource management practices, and assisting conservation and sustainable management of genetic resources.

This Population Genomics book discusses the concepts, approaches, applications and promises of population genomics in addressing most of the above fundamental and applied crucial aspects in a variety of organisms from microorganisms to humans. The book provides insights into a range of emerging population genomics topics including population epigenomics, landscape genomics, seascape genomics, paleogenomics, ecological and evolutionary genomics, biogeography, demography, speciation, admixture, colonization and invasion, genomic selection, and plant and animal domestication. This book fills a vacuum in the field and is expected to become a primary reference in Population Genomics world-wide.

Keywords

adaptive traits bioinformatics climate change conservation disease susceptibilty domestication ecology evolutionary biology forensics genomics genotyping plant breeding sequencing

Editors and affiliations

  • Om P. Rajora
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Forestry and Environmental ManagementUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04589-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-04587-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-04589-0
  • Series Print ISSN 2364-6764
  • Series Online ISSN 2364-6772
  • Buy this book on publisher's site