Plant and Human Health, Volume 2

Phytochemistry and Molecular Aspects

  • Munir Ozturk
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. F. Taghavi, Ali A. Moosavi-Movahedi
    Pages 1-41
  3. Derya Gülcemal, Behnaz Aslanipour, Erdal Bedir
    Pages 43-97
  4. Asfia Shabbir, M. Masroor A. Khan, Bilal Ahmad, Yawar Sadiq, Hassan Jaleel, Moin Uddin
    Pages 99-120
  5. Md. Mahadi Hasan, Iffat-Ara Sharmeen, Yasir Anwar, Hesham F. Alharby, Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Abdulrahaman S. Hajar et al.
    Pages 121-137
  6. Bilal Ahmad Mir, Saiema Rasool, Muneeb U. Rehman, Insha Amin, Rayeesa Ali
    Pages 139-157
  7. Suvarna J. Shreelalitha, Prabhavathi Supriya, Kandikere R. Sridhar
    Pages 159-172
  8. Venkatesh Vaidyanathan, Vijay Naidu, Anower Jabed, Khanh Tran, Prasanna Kallingappa, Chi Hsiu-Juei Kao et al.
    Pages 173-205
  9. Smitha Grace S. R., Girish Chandran, Jyoti Bala Chauhan
    Pages 227-244
  10. Amir Ismail, Muhammad Riaz, Yun Yun Gong, Saeed Akhtar, Jin Sun
    Pages 313-325
  11. Umaiyal Munusamy, Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah
    Pages 345-360
  12. Nita Lakra, Saquib Mahmood, Avinash Marwal, N. M. Sudheep, Khalid Anwar
    Pages 361-382
  13. Shahid Adeel, Fazal-Ur Rehman, Sana Rafi, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Muhammad Zuber
    Pages 383-415
  14. Muhammad Aasim, Khalid Mahmood Khawar, Mehmet Karataş, Faheem Shahzad Bloch, Allah Bakhsh
    Pages 425-445
  15. Shahid Hussain, Zed Rengel, Muhammad Qaswar, Mamoona Amir, Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye
    Pages 447-490
  16. Suvarna J. Shreelalitha, Kandikere R. Sridhar
    Pages 517-540
  17. Muhammad Aasim, Khalid Mahmood Khawar, Seyid Iftehar Ahmed, Mehmet Karataş
    Pages 541-577
  18. M. I. Rashid, M. I. Fareed, H. Rashid, H. Aziz, N. Ehsan, S. Khalid et al.
    Pages 579-605
  19. Venu S., Khushbu S., Santhi S., Rawson Ashish, Sunil C. K., Sureshkumar K.
    Pages 627-660
  20. Sana Khatri, Additiya Paramanya, Ahmad Ali
    Pages 661-680
  21. Back Matter
    Pages 681-697

About this book


Early anthropological evidence for plant use as medicine is 60,000 years old as reported from the Neanderthal grave in Iraq. The importance of plants as medicine is further supported by archeological evidence from Asia and the Middle East.  Today, around 1.4 billion people in South Asia alone have no access to modern health care, and rely instead on traditional medicine to alleviate various symptoms.  On a global basis, approximately 50 to 80 thousand plant species are used either natively or as pharmaceutical derivatives for life-threatening conditions that include diabetes, hypertension and cancers. As the demand for plant-based medicine rises, there is an unmet need to investigate the quality, safety and efficacy of these herbals by the “scientific methods”. Current research on drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, analytical, and molecular techniques.  For instance, high throughput robotic screens have been developed by industry; it is now possible to carry out 50,000 tests per day in the search for compounds which act on a key enzyme or a subset of receptors. This and other bioassays thus offer hope that one may eventually identify compounds for treating a variety of diseases or conditions.  However, drug development from natural products is not without its problems. Frequent challenges encountered include the procurement of raw materials, the selection and implementation of appropriate high-throughput bioassays, and the scaling-up of preparative procedures. 

Research scientists should therefore arm themselves with the right tools and knowledge in order to harness the vast potentials of plant-based therapeutics. The main objective of Plant and Human Health is to serve as a comprehensive guide for this endeavor. Volume 1 highlights how humans from specific areas or cultures use indigenous plants. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the third world and have slowly taken roots as alternative medicine in the West. The integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is important for our understanding of this ethnobotanical relationship. Volume 2 deals with the phytochemical and molecular characterization of herbal medicine. Specifically, It will focus on the secondary metabolic compounds which afford protection against diseases.  Lastly, Volume 3 focuses on the physiological mechanisms by which the active ingredients of medicinal plants serve to improve human health. Together this three-volume collection intends to bridge the gap for herbalists, traditional and modern medical practitioners, and students and researchers in botany and horticulture.


plant-based medicine secondary metabolites alternative medicine molecular pharming medicinal and aromatic plants

Editors and affiliations

  • Munir Ozturk
    • 1
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Botany and Centre for Environmental Studies Ege UniversityVice President of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences Amann, JordanIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

Bibliographic information