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Environmental Geoinformatics

Extreme Hydro-Climatic and Food Security Challenges: Exploiting the Big Data

  • Joseph Awange
  • John Kiema
Book

Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Also part of the Environmental Science book sub series (ENVSCIENCE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 3-16
    3. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 17-27
  3. Environmental Geodesy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-29
    2. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 31-45
    3. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 47-54
    4. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 55-73
    5. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 75-111
  4. Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 115-123
    3. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 125-136
    4. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 137-148
    5. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 149-159
    6. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 161-178
    7. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 179-190
    8. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 191-199
  5. Geographic Information Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 201-201
    2. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 203-212
    3. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 213-217
    4. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 219-225
    5. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 227-235
    6. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 237-248
    7. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 249-262
  6. Applications to Environmental Monitoring and Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 263-263
    2. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 265-289
    3. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 291-306
    4. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 307-322
    5. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 323-357
    6. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 359-369
    7. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 371-403
    8. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 405-429
    9. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 431-468
    10. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 469-485
    11. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 487-507
    12. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 509-531
    13. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 533-578
    14. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 579-595
    15. Joseph Awange, John Kiema
      Pages 597-626
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 627-635

About this book

Introduction

This second edition includes updated chapters from the first edition as well as five additional new chapters (Light detection and ranging (LiDAR), CORONA historical de-classified products, Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles (UAVs), GNSS-reflectometry and GNSS applications to climate variability), shifting the main focus from monitoring and management to extreme hydro-climatic and food security challenges and exploiting big data. Since the publication of first edition, much has changed in terms of technology, and the demand for geospatial data has increased with the advent of the big data era. For instance, the use of laser scanning has advanced so much that it is unavoidable in most environmental monitoring tasks, whereas unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAVs)/drones are emerging as efficient tools that address food security issues as well as many other contemporary challenges. Furthermore, global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) are now responding to challenges posed by climate change by unravelling the impacts of teleconnection (e.g., ENSO) as well as advancing the use of reflected signals (GNSS-reflectometry) to monitor, e.g., soil moisture variations. Indeed all these rely on the explosive use of “big data” in many fields of human endeavour.

Moreover, with the ever-increasing global population, intense pressure is being exerted on the Earth’s resources, leading to significant changes in its land cover (e.g., deforestation), diminishing biodiversity and natural habitats, dwindling fresh water supplies, and changing weather and climatic patterns (e.g., global warming, changing sea level). Environmental monitoring techniques that provide information on these are under scrutiny from an increasingly environmentally conscious society that demands the efficient delivery of such information at a minimal cost. Environmental changes vary both spatially and temporally, thereby putting pressure on traditional methods of data acquisition, some of which are highly labour intensive, such as animal tracking for conservation purposes. With these challenges, conventional monitoring techniques, particularly those that record spatial changes call for more sophisticated approaches that deliver the necessary information at an affordable cost. One direction being pursued in the development of such techniques involves environmental geoinformatics, which can act as a stand-alone method or complement traditional methods.

Keywords

Environmental Monitoring Environmental Management GNSS Remote Sensing GIS GNSS-Reflectometry Big data in environmental monitoring Geodata Geoinformatics Spatial change measurement

Authors and affiliations

  • Joseph Awange
    • 1
  • John Kiema
    • 2
  1. 1.Spatial SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Geospatial and Space TechnologyUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-03017-9
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-03016-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-03017-9
  • Series Print ISSN 1863-5520
  • Series Online ISSN 1863-5539
  • Buy this book on publisher's site