© 2018

Gyroid Optical Metamaterials

Solvent Vapour Annealing, Confined Crystallisation, and Optical Anisotropy


Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. James A. Dolan
    Pages 1-3
  3. James A. Dolan
    Pages 5-35
  4. James A. Dolan
    Pages 37-44
  5. Solvent Vapour Annealing of a Gyroid-Forming Triblock Terpolymer

  6. Optical Anisotropy in Gyroid Optical Metamaterials

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-85
    2. James A. Dolan
      Pages 87-104
    3. James A. Dolan
      Pages 105-124
    4. James A. Dolan
      Pages 125-130
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 131-132

About this book


This thesis explores the fabrication of gyroid-forming block copolymer templates and the optical properties of the resulting gyroid optical metamaterials, significantly contributing to our understanding of both. It demonstrates solvent vapour annealing to improve the long-range order of the templates, and investigates the unique crystallisation behaviour of their semicrystalline block. Furthermore, it shows that gyroid optical metamaterials that exhibit only short-range order are optically equivalent to nanoporous gold, and that the anomalous linear dichroism of gyroid optical metamaterials with long-range order is the result of the surface termination of the bulk gyroid morphology. 

Optical metamaterials are artificially engineered materials that, by virtue of their structure rather than their chemistry, may exhibit various optical properties not otherwise encountered in nature (e.g. a negative refractive index). However, these structures must be significantly smaller than the wavelength of visible light and are therefore challenging to fabricate using traditional “top down” techniques. Instead, a “bottom up” approach can be used, whereby optical metamaterials are fabricated via templates created by the self-assembly of block-copolymers. One such morphology is the gyroid, a chiral, continuous and triply periodic cubic network found in a range of natural and synthetic self-assembled systems.


Gyroids Optical Metamaterials Block Copolymer Self-assembly Confined Crystallisation Semicrystalline Block Copolymers Solvent Vapour Annealing Effective Medium Theories

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK

About the authors

James completed his PhD, an interdisciplinary collaboration between the Departments of Engineering and Physics at the University of Cambridge, as part of the Nano Doctoral Training Centre (NanoDTC). Prior to this, he graduated with an MEng in Engineering Science from the University of Oxford, where he specialised in electrical, electronic and control engineering.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Gyroid Optical Metamaterials
  • Book Subtitle Solvent Vapour Annealing, Confined Crystallisation, and Optical Anisotropy
  • Authors James A. Dolan
  • Series Title Springer Theses
  • Series Abbreviated Title Springer Theses
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy Physics and Astronomy (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-03010-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-03011-7
  • Series ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series E-ISSN 2190-5061
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXII, 132
  • Number of Illustrations 4 b/w illustrations, 40 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Nanoscale Science and Technology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site