Fetal Growth Restriction

Current Evidence and Clinical Practice

  • Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza
  • Edward Araujo Júnior
  • Giuseppe Rizzo
  • Russell Lee Deter

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Anna Iacoi, Roland Axt-Fliedner
    Pages 35-39
  3. Gabriele Tonni, Edward Araujo Júnior, Maria Paola Bonasoni
    Pages 41-64
  4. Talita Micheletti Helfer, Elisenda Eixarch, Francesc Figueras, Eduard Gratacós
    Pages 65-71
  5. Ana Cristina Perez Zamarian, Jader de Jesus Cruz, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza
    Pages 73-82
  6. Irene Martín-Estal, Miguel Angel Rodriguez-Zambrano, Inma Castilla-Cortázar
    Pages 83-116
  7. Alberto Borges Peixoto, Laudelino Marques Lopes, Edward Araujo Júnior
    Pages 117-127
  8. Nicola Fratelli, Cristina Zanardini, Federico Prefumo
    Pages 129-137
  9. Andrea Dall’Asta, Tullio Ghi, Tiziana Frusca
    Pages 139-170
  10. Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza, Ana Carolina Rabachini Caetano, Ana Cristina Perez Zamarian
    Pages 171-184
  11. Ana Carolina Rabachini Caetano, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza
    Pages 185-193
  12. Erich Cosmi, Matteo Andolfatto, Matteo Arata, Marilia Calanducci, Silvia Visentin
    Pages 195-204
  13. Danilo Buca, Marco Liberati, Francesco D’Antonio
    Pages 205-215
  14. Maya Reddy, Annie Kroushev, Kirsten Palmer, Daniel Rolnik, Fabricio Da Silva Costa
    Pages 217-229
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 231-238

About this book


This book clearly presents and discusses the state of the art on fetal growth restriction (FGR). It focuses on the etiology, classification, prediction, diagnosis and management of the condition, as well as on its neurological complications and maternal cardiovascular involvement.
With a multifactorial etiology (related to maternal, fetal or uteroplacental vascular causes) and diagnosis based on clinical and imaging findings (mainly ultrasonography and Doppler), FGR is of major importance in prenatal care. It affects 5-10% of pregnancies and is the second most common cause of perinatal mortality. Additionally, FGR is an important predisposing factor for obstetrical complications and long-term sequelae of the newborn, including impaired neurological and cognitive development as well as cardiovascular and endocrine diseases in adulthood. 
An in-depth understating of the diagnosis and management of FGR is essential for all those professionals involved on prenatal care, since it can prevent unwanted outcomes in both the mother and the newborn. However, to date no book has gathered the available information on this clinical condition. Fetal Growth Restriction – Current Evidence and Clinical Practice offers a comprehensive guide for obstetricians, radiologists and general practitioners, as well as to interns, residents, professors and researchers in the field.


Placental insufficiency Doppler management Swall for gestational age Maternal heart involvement Intrauterine growth restriction Intrauterine growth Fetal growth Neonatology First trimester Second trimester Third trimester

Editors and affiliations

  • Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza
    • 1
  • Edward Araujo Júnior
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Rizzo
    • 3
  • Russell Lee Deter
    • 4
  1. 1.Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.University of Rome Tor VergataRomaItaly
  4. 4.Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-00050-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-00051-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site