The Different Faces of Motherhood

  • Beverly Birns
  • Dale F. Hay

Part of the Perspectives in Developmental Psychology book series (PDPS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Introduction

    1. Beverly Birns, Dale F. Hay
      Pages 1-9
  3. Major Theories

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-14
    2. Sarah Hall Sternglanz, Alison Nash
      Pages 15-46
    3. Beverly Birns, Niza ben-Ner
      Pages 47-72
  4. Cross-Cultural Perspectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 97-99
    2. Michele Harway, Marsha B. Liss
      Pages 101-117
    3. Shi Ming Hu
      Pages 119-135
    4. Ruth de Kanter
      Pages 137-152
  5. Contemporary American Motherhood

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-156
    2. Kathleen McCartney, Deborah Phillips
      Pages 157-183
    3. Valora Washington
      Pages 185-213
    4. Martha B. Straus
      Pages 215-238
    5. Barbara Holland Baskin, Elizabeth P. Riggs
      Pages 239-257
    6. Joan F. Kuchner, Jane Porcino
      Pages 259-280
    7. Beverly Birns, Dale F. Hay
      Pages 281-286
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 287-291

About this book


The Different Faces of Motherhood began during a conversation between the two editors, developmental psychologists who have spent our professional careers working with infants and very young children. We are well aware of the impor­ tance of infants to their mothers and of mothers to their infants. However, we were particularly aware of the fact that, whereas our knowledge about infants increases exponentially . each decade, our assumptions about mothers change relatively little. We were concerned about the theories that underlie the advice given to mothers and also about the assumption that mothers appear to be generic. More and more we have learned about individual differences in babies, but not more and more about individual differences in mothers. Our second concern has been to expand our knowledge about mothers. Our assumptions were few and our questions were many. We believed that the experience of women would vary greatly, both in outlook and in behavior, depending on each woman's age, marital status, finan­ Cial status, ethnicity, health, education and work experience, as well as a wom­ an's own experience in her family origin and her relationship to her husband. If we are to understand child development and believe that the early years are important in a child's life, then it seems critical to examine our beliefs about mothers. If we are to understand human development, then being a mother is surely an important area of inquiry.


behavior development education knowledge psychoanalysis social learning

Editors and affiliations

  • Beverly Birns
    • 1
  • Dale F. Hay
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of New YorkStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Institute of PsychiatryLondonEngland

Bibliographic information