Legacy of Injustice

Exploring the Cross-Generational Impact of the Japanese American Internment

  • Donna K. Nagata

Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 1-15
  3. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 17-35
  4. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 37-51
  5. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 53-73
  6. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 75-102
  7. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 103-114
  8. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 137-154
  9. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 155-165
  10. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 167-184
  11. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 185-205
  12. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 207-218
  13. Donna K. Nagata
    Pages 219-221
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 223-277

About this book


At the age of 6, I discovered a jar of brightly colored shells under my grandmother's kitchen sink. When I inquired where they had come from, she did not answer. Instead, she told me in broken English, "Ask your mother. " My mother's response to the same question was, "Oh, I made them in camp. " "Was it fun?" I asked enthusiastically. "Not really," she replied. Her answer puzzled me. The shells were beautiful, and camp, as far as I knew, was a fun place where children roasted marshmallows and sang songs around the fire. Yet my mother's reaction did not seem happy. I was perplexed by this brief exchange, but I also sensed I should not ask more questions. As time went by, "camp" remained a vague, cryptic reference to some time in the past, the past of my parents, their friends, my grand­ parents, and my relatives. We never directly discussed it. It was not until high school that I began to understand the significance of the word, that camp referred to a World War II American concentration camp, not a summer camp. Much later I learned that the silence surrounding discus­ sions about this traumatic period of my parents' lives was a phenomenon characteristic not only of my family but also of most other Japanese American families after the war.


Generation behavior communication identity perception

Authors and affiliations

  • Donna K. Nagata
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1993
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4899-1120-9
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4899-1118-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1572-1906
  • Buy this book on publisher's site