Induced Rhythms in the Brain

  • Erol Başar
  • Theodore H. Bullock

Part of the Brain Dynamics book series (BD)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Introduction to Induced Rhythms: A Widespread, Heterogeneous Class of Oscillations

  3. Oscillations in the Striate Cortex

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Charles M. Gray, Andreas K. Engel, Peter König, Wolf Singer
      Pages 29-45
    3. Reinhard Eckhorn, Thomas Schanze, Michael Brosch, Wageda Salem, Roman Bauer
      Pages 47-80
  4. Cortical Rhythms, Ongoing (EEG) and Induced (ERPs)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 81-81
    2. Hellmuth Petsche, Peter Rappelsberger
      Pages 103-116
    3. Knud Saermark, Keld B. Mikkelsen, Erol Başar
      Pages 129-145
    4. Erol Başar, Canan Başar-Eroglu, Ralph Parnefjord, Elke Rahn, Martin Schürmann
      Pages 155-181
  5. Thalamic Oscillations

  6. Cellular and Subcellular Mechanisms Based on Invertebrate and Simple Systems

  7. Theories and Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 355-355
    2. William W. Lytton, Terrence J. Sejnowski
      Pages 357-366
    3. Giulio Tononi, Olaf Sporns, Gerald M. Edelman
      Pages 367-395
    4. Reinhard Eckhorn, Peter Dicke, Martin Arndt, Herbert Reitboeck
      Pages 397-416
  8. Epilogue

  9. Back Matter
    Pages 469-483

About this book


It is easy to imagine the excitement that pervaded the neurological world in the late 1920's and early 1930's when Berger's first descriptions of the electro­ encephalogram appeared. Berger was not the first to discover that changes in electric potential can be recorded from the surface of the head, but it was he who first systematized the method, and it was he who first proposed that explanatory correlations might be found between the electroencephalogram, brain processes, and behavioral states. An explosion of activity quickly fol­ lowed: studies were made of the brain waves in virtually every conceivable behavioral state, ranging from normal human subjects to those with major psychoses or with epilepsy, to state changes such as the sleep-wakefulness transition. There evolved from this the discipline of Clinical Electroencepha­ lography which rapidly took a valued place in clinical neurology and neuro­ surgery. Moreover, use of the method in experimental animals led to a further understanding of such state changes as attention-inattention, arousal, and sleep and wakefulness. The evoked potential method, derived from electro­ encephalography, was used in neurophysiological research to construct pre­ cise maps of the projection of sensory systems upon the neocortex. These maps still form the initial guides to studies of the cortical mechanisms in sensation and perception. The use of the event-related potential paradigm has proved useful in studies of the brain mechanisms of some cognitive functions of the brain.


brain cortex electroencephalography (EEG) neurology neurons perception visual evoked potential (VEP)

Editors and affiliations

  • Erol Başar
    • 1
  • Theodore H. Bullock
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PhysiologyMedical University LübeckLübeck 1Germany
  2. 2.Department of Neurosciences, 0201University of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

Bibliographic information