Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters

  • P. Jena
  • B. K. Rao
  • S. N. Khanna

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Atomic Structure

    1. O. Cheshnovsky, P. J. Brucat, S. Yang, C. L. Pettiette, M. J. Craycraft, R. E. Smalley
      Pages 1-14
    2. J. Farges, M. F. de Feraudy, B. Raoult, G. Torchet
      Pages 15-24
    3. Takeshi Araya, Yoshiro Ibaraki, Susumu Hioki, Ryoji Okada, Masatoshi Kanamaru
      Pages 25-30
    4. Yael Z. Barshad, Lawrence S. Barteil
      Pages 31-36
    5. Lawrence S. Bartell, Laszlo Harsanyi, Edward J. Valente
      Pages 37-42
    6. J. Bernholc, Peter Salamon, R. Stephen Berry
      Pages 43-48
    7. Aldo Amore Bonapasta, Andrea Lapiccirella, Norberto Tomassini, Simon L. Altmann, Kenneth W. Lodge
      Pages 55-59
    8. Eugine Choi, Ronald P. Andres
      Pages 61-65
    9. David W. Ewing, Gary V. Pfeiffer
      Pages 67-72
    10. Peiyu Gao, H. Gleiter
      Pages 73-78
    11. K. LaiHing, R. G. Wheeler, W. L. Wilson, M. A. Duncan
      Pages 83-87
    12. R. G. Wheeler, K. LaiHing, W. L. Wilson, M. A. Duncan
      Pages 89-93
    13. J. G. Pruett, H. Windischmann, M. L. Nicholas, P. S. Lampard
      Pages 109-114

About this book

Introduction

Recent advances in experimental techniques now enable researchers to produce in a laboratory clusters of atoms of desired composition from any of the elements of the periodic table. This has created a new area of research into novel materials since clusters cannot be regarded either as a "large" molecule or as a fragment of the bulk. Both experimental and theoretical studies are revealing unusual properties that are not ob­ served in solid state environments. The structures of micro-clusters are found to be significantly distorted from the most symmetric arrangement, some even exhibiting pentagonal symmetry commonly found in icosahedric structures. The unusual stability of certain clusters, now described as "magic number species", shows striking similarities with the nuclear shell structure. The relative stabilities of clusters depend not only on the composition of the clusters but also on their charged states. The studies on spontaneous fragmentation of mUltiply charged clusters, commonly referred to as Coulomb explosion, illustrate the role of electronic bonding mechanisms on stability of clusters. The effect of foreign atoms on geometry and stability of clusters and the interaction of gas atoms with clusters are showing promise for an indepth understanding of chemisorption and catalysis. The magnetic and optical properties are dependent not only on cluster size but also on its geometry. These findings have the potential for aiding industry in the area of micro-electronics and catalysis.

Keywords

atomic collision chemical bond cluster collision experiment geometry metallic cluster metastable molecule particles quenching scattering sorption spectra structure

Editors and affiliations

  • P. Jena
    • 1
  • B. K. Rao
    • 1
  • S. N. Khanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0357-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4757-0359-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4757-0357-3
  • About this book