In Situ Evaluation of Biological Hazards of Environmental Pollutants

  • Shahbeg S. Sandhu
  • William R. Lower
  • Frederick J. de Serres
  • William A. Suk
  • Raymond R. Tice

Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 38)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Introductory Remarks

  3. Industrial and Regulatory Needs

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Barry L. Johnson, Anne P. Sassaman
      Pages 9-20
    3. S. B. Norton, J. Benforado, C. Zamuda, A. Mittleman, I. Diwan, R. Fulton
      Pages 21-28
  4. Field Studies: Aquatic Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-29
    2. J. H. Gentile, G. G. Pesch, K. J. Scott, W. Nelson, W. R. Munns, J. M. Capuzzo
      Pages 31-47
    3. Henry S. Gardner, William H. van der Schalie, Marilyn J. Wolfe, Robert A. Finch
      Pages 61-69
  5. Field Studies: Terrestrial Systems

  6. Sentinel Surveillance Systems

  7. Integration of Data for Effective Problem Solving and Assessment

  8. Relevancy and Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 257-257
    2. Thomas A. Murphy, Lawrence Kapustka
      Pages 259-268
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 269-277

About this book


The study of the relationship between environmental pollution and human health is in its infancy. The number of substances and mixtures that have been identified in uncontrolled hazardous waste sites or that have been in­ advertently released into the environment is large and data on how thes~ substances are modified as they interact with one another as they migrate through soil, air, and water are limited. There are also limits on our un­ derstanding of how these substances may be ingested, inhaled, or absorbed by people. The complexity of possible interactions between biological, chemical, and physical components in a given environment makes it virtually impossible to evaluate the potential for adverse biological effects ade­ quately in the laboratory. Other, more comprehensive methods which provide realistic and interpretable results must be used. Many scientists believe that humans represent the ultimate sentinel species of a toxic exposure re­ sUlting from environmental pollution, however such exposures may also se­ verely impact environmental health. There exists a wide variety of organ­ isms in the natural environment that could be used to provide an early warning for potential human health effects as well as to indicate adverse ecological effects. The issue of effective utilization of sentinel species for environment­ al monitoring is a rapidly developing area of research which has grown in importance during the last decade.


Biom Biomonitoring Water pollution ecosystem ecosystems ecotoxicity environment environmental contamination environmental risk assessment pollution terrestrial ecosystem terrestrial ecosystems toxicity

Editors and affiliations

  • Shahbeg S. Sandhu
    • 1
  • William R. Lower
    • 2
  • Frederick J. de Serres
    • 3
  • William A. Suk
    • 4
  • Raymond R. Tice
    • 5
  1. 1.US Environmental Protection AgencyResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  2. 2.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Research Triangle InstituteResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  4. 4.National Institute of Environmental Health SciencesResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  5. 5.Integrated Laboratory SystemsResearch Triangle ParkUSA

Bibliographic information