Electromagnetic Biointeraction

Mechanisms, Safety Standards, Protection Guides

  • Giorgio Franceschetti
  • Om P. Gandhi
  • Martino Grandolfo

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. G. d’Ambrosio
    Pages 1-10
  3. Paolo Bernardi, Guglielmo D’Inzeo
    Pages 27-57
  4. Stephen F. Cleary
    Pages 59-79
  5. Stanislaw Szmigielski, Jerzy Gil
    Pages 81-98
  6. Martino Grandolfo, Paolo Vecchia
    Pages 153-173
  7. Om P. Gandhi
    Pages 193-214
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 215-223

About this book


This book collects the revised lectures held at Capri (Italy) in the period 2-6 May, 1988 in occasion of the International Course on "Worldwide Nonionizing Radiation Safety Standards: Their Rationales and Problems". The Course was organized by IRECE (Institute for Research in Electromagnetism and Electronic Components) of CNR (Italian National Council for Research) and was directed by professors Giorgio Franceschetti and Om P. Gandhi. The idea for this course arose from the continuing wide disparity in the electromagnetic (EM) radiation safety standards worldwide, and the confusion that this has caused in the public mind. The safety guidelines in the western countries have been nearly three orders of magnitude greater than the safety levels in the Eastern European countries. Even though the former have been slightly reduced and the latter have been increased somewhat in recent years, there is still a wide gap in the EM safety standards that are used. With the ever increasing use of EM energy the public is becoming increasingly aware of and concerned about the potential biohazards of EM fields. This problem is compounded by inadequate knowledge of nonthermal mechanisms of interaction of EM fields with biological systems. The lecturers for the Course were the recognized leaders in their respective areas within the discipline of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields.


Europe electromagnetic field electromagnetic fields electromagnetism high voltage magnetism mechanism mechanisms microwave numerical method protection radiation research safety transmission

Editors and affiliations

  • Giorgio Franceschetti
    • 1
  • Om P. Gandhi
    • 2
  • Martino Grandolfo
    • 3
  1. 1.CNR-IRECENaplesItaly
  2. 2.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.Istituto Superiore di SanitàRomeItaly

Bibliographic information