Environmental Assessment of Socioeconomic Systems

  • Dietrich F. Burkhardt
  • William H. Ittelson

Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Methodology: Planning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. E. Rupp
      Pages 17-27
    3. R. Lesthaeghe, S. Wijewickrema, M. Despontin, A. De Kerpel
      Pages 29-47
  3. Methodology: Prediction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Hans-Peter Weber
      Pages 83-101
    3. William A. Wagenaar, H. Timmers
      Pages 103-122
  4. Methodology: Assessment

  5. Case Studies: Assessment of Technological Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-239
    2. H. P. Johri, J. D. Milne, R. E. Wright
      Pages 241-261
    3. C. K. Knapper, A. J. Cropley
      Pages 263-278
    4. M. R. C. McDowell, Dale F. Cooper
      Pages 279-298
    5. S. Freckleton, N. Ferguson, M. E. Moncaster
      Pages 299-315
  6. Case Studies: Assessment of Social Systems

  7. Case Studies: Assessment of Social Impact

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 491-491
    2. Kingsley E. Haynes, Jared E. Hazleton, W. Tom Kleeman
      Pages 493-523
    3. H. J. Karpe, D. Scholz
      Pages 525-534
    4. D. Agrafiotis, A. Baumerder, J. Brenot, F. de Lavergne
      Pages 535-549
    5. F. E. Joyce, C. W. Sinclair
      Pages 569-580
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 581-597

About this book


Neglect of the relation between the socio-economic system and its natural environment has had detrimental consequences in the past, for example - the pollution of the natural environment (water, air and soil) by producing, using and consuming the products of our industrialized economy, - the forseeable exhaustion of natural resources by continuing the increase of industrial production. Most of the recent activities, both in research and in adminis­ tration, against these impacts have been technically oriented, with the aim of stimulating and introducing new technologies of produc­ tion and new products to diminish the environmental pollution. But these efforts, which are of course necessary, cannot be successful in approaching the aim - which should and must in the long-term view be defined as the development of society in balance with the natural environment. Therefore, in addition to an assess­ ment of technologies, emphasis should be put on an assessment of socio-economic systems. On di~~erent levels, individual and social preferences determine quantities and qualities of production and consumption using economical values, e.g., market prices as regula­ tors. Following this argumentation, an environment assessment of activities against pollution has especially to consider the social response to environmental impacts. Of course, this topic must be a subject of interdisciplinary research. The challenge concerned in this context is to increase the knowledge of the relationship between social, economic and tech­ nical subsets.


air development environmental planning production research soil

Editors and affiliations

  • Dietrich F. Burkhardt
    • 1
  • William H. Ittelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft mbHOttobrunnWest Germany
  2. 2.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Bibliographic information