Clinical Diagnosis of Mental Disorders

A Handbook

  • Benjamin B. Wolman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Diagnostic Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Joseph Zubin
      Pages 3-14
    3. Benjamin B. Wolman
      Pages 15-45
    4. Jum C. Nunnally
      Pages 97-146
    5. John E. Exner Jr., Beth Clark
      Pages 147-178
    6. Morris I. Stein
      Pages 179-235
    7. Wayne H. Holtzman
      Pages 237-254
    8. Robert I. Watson Jr.
      Pages 255-279
    9. Edwin E. Wagner
      Pages 393-443
    10. Leonard D. Goodstein, Deborah Lee Doller
      Pages 445-474
    11. Benjamin B. Wolman, Andrea Alper, Steve DeBerry
      Pages 547-575
  3. Differential Diagnosis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 577-577
    2. Albert I. Rabin, David L. Hayes
      Pages 579-599

About this book

Introduction

For centuries the "treatment" of mentally disturbed individuals was quite simple. They were accused of collusion with evil spirits, hunted, and persecuted. The last "witch" was killed as late as 1782 in Switzerland. Mentally disturbed people did not fare much better even when the witchhunting days were gone. John Christian Reil gave the following description of mental pa­ tients at the crossroads of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries: We incarcerate these miserable creatures as if they were criminals in abandoned jails, near to the lairs of owls in barren canyons beyond the city gates, or in damp dungeons of prisons, where never a pitying look of a humanitarian penetrates; and we let them, in chains, rot in their own excrement. Their fetters have eaten off the flesh of their bones, and their emaciated pale faces look expectantly toward the graves which will end their misery and cover up our shamefulness. (1803) The great reforms introduced by Philippe Pinel at Bicetre in 1793 augured the beginning of a new approach. Pinel ascribed the "sick role," and called for compas­ sion and help. One does not need to know much about those he wants to hurt, but one must know a lot in order to help. Pinel's reform was followed by a rapid develop­ ment in research of causes, symptoms, and remedies of mental disorders. There are two main prerequisites for planning a treatment strategy.

Keywords

Therapeut brain diagnosis intelligence planning research schizophrenia treatment

Editors and affiliations

  • Benjamin B. Wolman
    • 1
  1. 1.International Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis, & NeurologyNew YorkUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-2490-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1978
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4684-2492-8
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4684-2490-4
  • About this book