## About this book

### Introduction

In this book we lead the student to an understanding of elementary linear algebra by emphasizing the geometric significance of the subject. Our experience in teaching beginning undergraduates over the years has convinced us that students learn the new ideas of linear algebra best when these ideas are grounded in the familiar geometry of two and three dimensions. Many important notions of linear algebra already occur in these dimensions in a non-trivial way, and a student with a confident grasp of these ideas will encounter little difficulty in extending them to higher dimensions and to more abstract algebraic systems. Moreover, we feel that this geometric approach provides a solid basis for the linear algebra needed in engineering, physics, biology, and chemistry, as well as in economics and statistics. The great advantage of beginning with a thorough study of the linear algebra of the plane is that students are introduced quickly to the most important new concepts while they are still on the familiar ground of two-dimensional geometry. In short order, the student sees and uses the notions of dot product, linear transformations, determinants, eigenvalues, and quadratic forms. This is done in Chapters 2.0-2.7. Then the very same outline is used in Chapters 3.0-3.7 to present the linear algebra of three-dimensional space, so that the former ideas are reinforced while new concepts are being introduced.

### Keywords

Abstract algebra Eigenvalue Lineare Algebra algebra biology chemistry form geometry linear algebra quadratic form statistics transformation

#### Authors and affiliations

- Thomas Banchoff
- John Wermer

- 1.Department of MathematicsBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

### Bibliographic information