## About this book

### Introduction

This text is written for a course in linear algebra at the (U.S.) sophomore undergraduate level, preferably directly following a one-variable calculus course, so that linear algebra can be used in a course on multidimensional calculus. Realizing that students at this level have had little contact with complex numbers or abstract mathematics the book deals almost exclusively with real finite-dimensional vector spaces in a setting and formulation that permits easy generalization to abstract vector spaces. The parallel complex theory is developed in the exercises. The book has as a goal the principal axis theorem for real symmetric transformations, and a more or less direct path is followed. As a consequence there are many subjects that are not developed, and this is intentional. However a wide selection of examples of vector spaces and linear trans formations is developed, in the hope that they will serve as a testing ground for the theory. The book is meant as an introduction to linear algebra and the theory developed contains the essentials for this goal. Students with a need to learn more linear algebra can do so in a course in abstract algebra, which is the appropriate setting. Through this book they will be taken on an excursion to the algebraic/analytic zoo, and introduced to some of the animals for the first time. Further excursions can teach them more about the curious habits of some of these remarkable creatures.

### Keywords

Eigenvalue Eigenvector Lineare Algebra Vector space adopted textbook algebra calculus complex number linear algebra matrices quadratic form testing time transformation variable

#### Authors and affiliations

- 1.Mathematisches InstitutUniversität GöttingenGöttingenWest Germany
- 2.Department of MathematicsIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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