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Pentachlorophenol

Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Environmental Toxicology

  • K. Ranga Rao

Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 12)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Usage Patterns and Environmental Fate of Pentachlorophenol

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Donald G. Crosby, Anthony S. Wong
      Pages 19-25
    3. Richard H. Pierce Jr., Dilna M. Victor
      Pages 41-52
    4. Po-Yung Lu, Robert L. Metcalf, Larry K. Cole
      Pages 53-63
  3. Pharmacology and Toxicology of Pentachlorophenol

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 65-65
    2. Metabolism

    3. Comparative Toxicology and Pharmacology

      1. Steven C. Schimmel, James M. Patrick Jr., Linda F. Faas
        Pages 147-155
      2. Angela C. Cantelmo, Philip J. Conklin, Ferris R. Fox, K. Ranga Rao
        Pages 251-263
      3. B. A. Schwetz, J. F. Quast, P. A. Keeler, C. G. Humiston, R. J. Kociba
        Pages 301-309
  4. Chlorophenols and Their Contaminants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 311-311
    2. Carl-Axel Nilsson, Åke Norström, Kurt Andersson, Christoffer Rappe
      Pages 313-324
    3. Rudolf Fahrig, Carl-Axel Nilsson, Christoffer Rappe
      Pages 325-338
    4. Ralph C. Dougherty
      Pages 351-361
    5. Frederick W. Kutz, Robert S. Murphy, Sandra C. Strassman
      Pages 363-369
    6. Jerry B. Hook, Kevin M. McCormack, William M. Kluwe
      Pages 381-388
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 395-402

About this book

Introduction

Pentachlorophenol and its salts are used as biocides. Although they are used mainly for preservation and treatment of wood, their antimicrobial, antifungal, herbicidal, insecticidal and molluscicidal properties led to a widespread application of PCP formulations. Bevenue and Beckman reviewed the literature up to 1967 on the chemistry, toxicology and environmental residues of PCP (Residue Rev. , 19: 83- 134, 1967). Significant advances in analytical methodology, recurrent incidents of mortalities of non-target organisms exposed to PCP, regulatory actions pertaining to PCP usage in countries such as Japan and Sweden, and detection of the ubiquitous distribution of PCP in the environment, added to the wealth of recent literature on pentachlorophenol. In spite of the usage of PCP as an antimicrobial agent in drilling and packer fluids during oil-drilling operations in the marine environment, little is known of the toxicity of PCP to marine and estuarine organisms. The purpose of this volume is to present up-to-date information (including a number of new studies on marine and estuarine organisms) on the chemistry, pharmacology and environmental toxicology of pentachlorophenol. This volume is a collection of papers presented at an international symposium sponsored by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and The University of West Florida, held at Pensacola Beach, Florida, June 27-29,1977. I am grateful to Norman L.

Keywords

chemistry environment environmental protection toxicology

Editors and affiliations

  • K. Ranga Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.University of West FloridaPensacolaUSA

Bibliographic information