Biological Rhythms

  • Jürgen Aschoff

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jürgen Aschoff
      Pages 3-10
    3. James Thomas Enright
      Pages 11-19
    4. James Thomas Enright
      Pages 21-39
    5. Theodosios Pavlidis
      Pages 41-54
  3. Daily Rhythms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 55-55
    2. Colin S. Pittendrigh
      Pages 57-80
    3. Jürgen Aschoff
      Pages 81-93
    4. Colin S. Pittendrigh
      Pages 95-124
    5. John Brady
      Pages 125-144
    6. Benjamin Rusak
      Pages 183-213
    7. Martin C. Moore-Ede, Frank M. Sulzman
      Pages 215-241
    8. Fred C. Davis
      Pages 257-274
    9. Serge Daan
      Pages 275-298
    10. Hans G. Wallraff
      Pages 299-309
    11. Jürgen Aschoff, Rütger Wever
      Pages 311-331
    12. Peter Colquhoun
      Pages 333-348
  4. Tidal, Lunar, and Annual Rhythms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 349-349
    2. Dietrich Neumann
      Pages 351-380
    3. Eberhard Gwinner
      Pages 381-389
    4. Eberhard Gwinner
      Pages 391-410
    5. D. S. Saunders
      Pages 411-447
    6. Klaus Hoffmann
      Pages 449-473
    7. Jürgen Aschoff
      Pages 475-487
  5. Rhythms not Directly Related to Environmental Cycles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 489-489
    2. Serge Daan, Jürgen Aschoff
      Pages 491-498
    3. Wilse B. Webb, Michael G. Dube
      Pages 499-522
    4. Constance S. Campbell, Fred W. Turek
      Pages 523-545
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 547-563

About this book


Interest in biological rhythms has been traced back more than 2,500]ears to Archilochus, the Greek poet, who in one of his fragments suggests ",,(i,,(VWO'KE o'olos pv{}J.tos txv{}pW7rOVS ~XH" (recognize what rhythm governs man) (Aschoff, 1974). Reference can also be made to the French student of medicine J. J. Virey who, in his thesis of 1814, used for the first time the expression "horloge vivante" (living clock) to describe daily rhythms and to D. C. W. Hufeland (1779) who called the 24-hour period the unit of our natural chronology. However, it was not until the 1930s that real progress was made in the analysis of biological rhythms; and Erwin Bunning was encouraged to publish the first, and still not outdated, monograph in the field in 1958. Two years later, in the middle of exciting discoveries, we took a breather at the Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Biological Clocks. Its survey on rules considered valid at that time, and Pittendrigh's anticipating view on the temporal organization of living systems, made it a milestone on our way from a more formalistic description of biological rhythms to the understanding of their structural and physiological basis.


medicine organization time

Editors and affiliations

  • Jürgen Aschoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck Institut für VerhaltensphysiologieAndechsGerman Federal Republic

Bibliographic information