Collateral Circulation

Heart, Brain, Kidney, Limbs

  • Wolfgang Schaper
  • Jutta Schaper

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Jutta Schaper, Dorothee Weihrauch
    Pages 65-102
  3. Masahiro Mohri, Wolfgang Schaper
    Pages 103-121
  4. John C. Longhurst, J. David Symons
    Pages 195-214
  5. Konrad W. Scheel, Howard Mass, James T. Gean
    Pages 233-260
  6. Francis C. White, David M. Roth, M. Dan McKirnan, Susan M. Carroll, Colin M. Bloor
    Pages 261-289
  7. Konstantin-A. Hossmann
    Pages 291-315
  8. Werner Schoop
    Pages 317-327
  9. Michael V. Cohen, James M. Downey
    Pages 345-366
  10. Attilio Maseri, Luis Araujo, Maria Luisa Finocchiaro
    Pages 381-402
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 403-406

About this book


Collateral blood vessels develop by growth of pre or newly formed structures in almost all vascular provinces as a consequence of progressing stenosis of the main artery. These alternative routes of blood supply are potentially able to alter the course of vascular disease. Collateral development is a time consuming process, and arterial stenosis and occlusion often progress faster than growth of the alternative routes.
The authors' ultimate goal is to provide a better understanding of collateral growth in order to pave the way for improving the conditions for these potentially selfhealing processes. These were programmed by nature but have not been perfected, probably because defenses against arterial disease had not been put under the pressure of natural selection.


angiogenesis blood vessel circulation heart morphology tissue vascular disease

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Schaper
    • 1
  • Jutta Schaper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Experimental CardiologyMax-Planck-InstituteBad NauheimF. R. Germany

Bibliographic information