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Biotechnology of Ectomycorrhizae

Molecular Approaches

  • Vilberto Stocchi
  • Paola Bonfante
  • Marco Nuti

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. D. J. Read
    Pages 1-23
  3. James M. Trappe, Ari Jumpponen
    Pages 25-33
  4. F. Martin, T. Burgess, M. E. Carnero Diaz, D. de Carvalho, P. Laurent, P. Murphy et al.
    Pages 53-66
  5. Silvio Gianinazzi, Vivienne Gianinazzi-Pearson, Philipp Franken, Eliane Dumas-Gaudot, Diederik van Tuinen, Assem Samra et al.
    Pages 67-76
  6. P. J. Murphy, A. Karakousis, S. E. Smith, P. Langridge
    Pages 77-83
  7. Robert L. Metzenberg
    Pages 85-98
  8. R. Marmeisse, G. Gay, J. C. Debaud
    Pages 99-114
  9. C. Cogoni, N. Romano, G. Macino
    Pages 115-123
  10. Luisa Lanfranco, Marco Arlorio, Antonella Matteucci, Paola Bonfante
    Pages 139-149
  11. D. Gandeboeuf, B. Henrion, C. Dupré, P. Drevet, P. Nicolas, G. Chevalier et al.
    Pages 151-160
  12. Barbara Lazzari, Elisabetta Gianazza, Angelo Viotti
    Pages 161-169
  13. F. Paolocci, E. Cristofari, P. Angelini, B. Granetti, S. Arcioni
    Pages 171-184
  14. P. Cardoni, L. Vallorani, L. Cucchiarini, M. Betti, C. Pierotti, V. Stocchi
    Pages 185-195
  15. M. G. De Santo, S. Filosa, A. Franzè, G. Martini
    Pages 197-204
  16. J. Tagliavini, A. Bolchi, R. Percudani, S. Petrucco, G. L. Rossi, S. Ottonello
    Pages 205-211
  17. Giovanni Pacioni, Anna Maria Ragnelli, Michele Miranda
    Pages 213-227
  18. J.-E. Nylund, A. Dahlberg, N. Högberg, O. Kårén, K. Grip, L. Jonsson
    Pages 229-239
  19. B. Citterio, P. Cardoni, L. Potenza, A. Amicucci, V. Stocchi, G. Gola et al.
    Pages 241-248
  20. Back Matter
    Pages 249-251

About this book

Introduction

Forty years after the discovery of the helix nature of DNA and more than twenty after the first applications of recombinant DNA technology to the pharmaceutical industry, the Pandora's vase of biotechnology seems far from being empty. New products for agriculture and the food industry are constantly being placed on the market, and powerful monitoring techniques have been developed to track non-modified and genetically modified vaccines, viruses, microbes and plants released into the environment. Molecular approaches for taxonomic purposes, which might also be useful for quality control and assurance, have been successfully developed and used for taxonomic purposes in the last decade for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including yeasts and filamentous fungi. Mycorrhizae are one example of a traditional biotechnology that can greatly benefit from the latest molecular approaches. These universal symbioses between soil fungi and plant roots playa central role in most of the natural and agricultural ecosystems in such key processes as nutrient cycling, soil structural conservation and plant health. For these reasons, mycorrhizae have been successfully used to improve the quality of forest and agricultural seedlings, to produce high-quality micropropagated plants and to increase the production of edible mushrooms of high economic value, such as truffles. However, although controlled inoculation of oak and hazel seedlings with ectomycorrhizal truffles has been carried out for decades in France and Italy, and is still expanding commercially, several technological gaps remain to be filled.

Keywords

Expression Polymerasekettenreaktion biotechnology cloning ecosystem gene expression plant roots roots

Editors and affiliations

  • Vilberto Stocchi
    • 1
  • Paola Bonfante
    • 2
  • Marco Nuti
    • 3
  1. 1.University of UrbinoUrbinoItaly
  2. 2.University of Turin and Center of Mycology, CNRTurinItaly
  3. 3.University of PaduaPaduaItaly

Bibliographic information