Environmental Challenges and Greenhouse Gas Control for Fossil Fuel Utilization in the 21st Century

  • M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer
  • Chunshan Song
  • Yee Soong

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Pollutant Emissions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. Alan Beamon, Robert T. Eynon
      Pages 3-13
    3. Steven A. Benson, Donald P. McCollor, Kurt E. Eylands, Jason D. Laumb, Robert R. Jensen
      Pages 29-42
    4. L. Jia, E. J. Anthony, D. L. Granatstein
      Pages 43-58
    5. John M. Andrésen, Yinzhi Zhang, M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer
      Pages 59-72
  3. Carbon Sequestration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 73-73
    2. Robert L. Kane, Daniel E. Klein
      Pages 75-88
    3. Daniel J. Fauth, John P. Baltrus, Yee Soong, James P. Knoer, Brett H. Howard, William J. Graham et al.
      Pages 101-117
    4. Michael Markels Jr., Richard T. Barber
      Pages 119-131
    5. Fatma A. Simsek-Ege, Gillian M. Bond, John Stringer
      Pages 133-145
    6. Y. Soong, M. L. Gray, K. J. Champagne, R. W. Stevens Jr, P. Toochinda, S. S. C. Chuang
      Pages 147-158
  4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Akihiro Yamasaki, Minoru Fujii, Masayuki Kakizawa, Yukio Yanagisawa
      Pages 189-201
    3. Leigh M. Clemow, W. Roy Jackson, Alan L. Chaffee, Richard Sakurovs, David J. Allardice
      Pages 203-216
    4. Vasant R. Choudhary, Subhabrata Banerjee, Ajit S. Mamman, Suryakant G. Pataskar
      Pages 217-227

About this book

Introduction

As we are moving ahead into the 21st century, our hunger for cost­ effective and environmentally friendly energy continues to grow. The Energy Information Administration of US has forecasted that only in the first two decades of the 21st century, our energy demand will increase by 60% compared to the levels at the end of the 20th century. Fossil fuels have been traditionally the major primary energy sources worldwide, and their role is expected to continue growing for the forecasted period, due to their inherent cost competitiveness compared to non-fossil fuel energy sources. However, the current fossil energy scenario is undergoing significant transformations, especially to accommodate increasingly stringent environmental challenges of contaminants like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides or mercury, while still providing affordable energy. Furthermore, traditional fossil fuel utilization is inherently plagued with greenhouse gas emissions from combustion, especially carbon dioxide from stationary sources as well as from mobile sources. Should worldwide government policies dictate a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, such as proposed by the Kyoto Protocol and the implementation of carbon taxes, fossil fuels would lose their significant competitive appeal in favor of nuclear energy and renewable energy sources. However, the current non-fossil fuel energy share of the worldwide energy market is merely below 15%, and therefore, it is more likely that fossil fuel energy producers would adapt to the new requirements by developing and implementing emission control technologies, and emission trades among other strategies.

Keywords

Dioxin Furan Greenhouse gas ITC Weather combustion emissions

Editors and affiliations

  • M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer
    • 1
  • Chunshan Song
    • 1
  • Yee Soong
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering and The Energy InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of EnergyNational Energy Technology LaboratoryPittsburghUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0773-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-5232-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-0773-4
  • About this book