© 2002

Toxic Turmoil

Psychological and Societal Consequences of Ecological Disasters

  • Johan M. Havenaar
  • Julie G. Cwikel
  • Evelyn J. Bromet

Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Johan M. Havenaar
      Pages 3-18
  3. Case Examples of Ecological Disasters

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 67-67
    2. Joris Yzermans, Berthold P. R. Gersons
      Pages 85-99
    3. Simon Wessely
      Pages 101-127
    4. R. Srinivasa Murthy
      Pages 129-148
    5. Joost B. W. Van Der Meer, Ian B. Small, Eric J. Crighton, Nathan Ford
      Pages 163-182
  4. Dealing with Ecological Disaster

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-183
    2. Hilary M. P. Fielder, Stephen R. Palmer, Gary Coleman
      Pages 185-197
    3. Anne Speckhard
      Pages 217-236
    4. Johan M. Havenaar, Julie G. Cwikel, Evelyn J. Bromet
      Pages 259-271
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 273-279

About this book


When an accident involves many people and when its consequences are many and serious, we speak of a disaster. Disasters have the same causal fac­ tors as accidents: they differ from accidents by the gravity of consequences, not by causes. The action of a single individual may result in thousands of deaths and huge financial losses. The metal fatigue of a screw may, by a chain of events, cause an explosion killing hundreds or lead to a break in a dam and a devastating flood. The fact that minor and unpredictable acts can lead to disasters is im­ portant because it allows us to predict that the years to come will bring with them more disasters with ever more severe consequences. The density ofhu­ man populations is growing. By the year 2025 some four fifths of the world's population will be living in urban settings. An explosion or a gas leak in a densely populated area will cause incomparably more damage than a simi­ lar event in a rural area. Modern technology is immensely powerful (and its power is continuing to grow) and can be used in a disastrous manner. Ag­ gression is just as possible now as it was in the past, but the tools of aggression are vastly more dangerous than ever before. This book, edited by Johan M. Havenaar, Julie G. Cwikel, and Evelyn J. Bromet, is therefore very timely.


Public Health Syndrom attention developing countries health knowledge syndromes well-being

Editors and affiliations

  • Johan M. Havenaar
    • 1
  • Julie G. Cwikel
    • 2
  • Evelyn J. Bromet
    • 3
  1. 1.University Medical Center and Altrecht Institute for Mental Health CareUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Ben Gurion University of the NegevBeer ShevaIsrael
  3. 3.State University of New York at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Toxic Turmoil
  • Book Subtitle Psychological and Societal Consequences of Ecological Disasters
  • Editors Johan M. Havenaar
    Julie G. Cwikel
    Evelyn J. Bromet
  • Series Title The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-306-46784-4
  • Softcover ISBN 978-1-4613-5163-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-4615-0623-2
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIII, 279
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Psychotherapy and Counseling
    Clinical Psychology
    Public Health
  • Buy this book on publisher's site