© 2014

The Sports Doping Market

Understanding Supply and Demand, and the Challenges of Their Control


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxix
  2. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 1-20
  3. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 21-57
  4. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 59-84
  5. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 85-106
  6. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 107-130
  7. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 131-150
  8. Letizia Paoli, Alessandro Donati
    Pages 195-230
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 231-275

About this book


This book examines sports doping from production and distribution to use, detection, and punishment. Detailing the daily operations of the trade and its gray area as a semi-legal market, the authors cover important issues ranging from the diversion of regular drugs from legal market chains, the expanding scale of counterfeiting and the resulting health risks,  to the role of organized crime in sports doping, and the protection long provided by sports ruling bodies and federations to elite athletes and their suppliers.This innovative book examines the supply-side of the sports doping market, and is the first study of its kind to estimate the size and revenues of a national market for doping products; including the suppliers’ profits. The Sports Doping Market also discusses in depth  the challenges of the international antidoping regime and considers for the first time how anti-doping criminal provisions and their enforcement can contribute to improve the fight against doping within and outside the sports world.

The book‘s extensive research:

  • Estimates the nation-wide demand for performance-enhancing products
  • Traces the route from legal substances to illegal uses.
  • Identifies classes of suppliers and their methods of operation.
  • Tracks typical distribution chains from suppliers to users.
  • Examines the economics of the market: prices, profits, revenue.
  • Assesses the state of anti-doping law enforcement efforts.

Starting with an unprecedented case study in Italy, the intense scrutiny from one pivotal country yields a potential template for research and policy on a world scale. The Sports Doping Market makes solid contributions to the work of researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in corruption, drug trafficking, and criminal networks; researchers in sports science and public health; and policymakers.



Anti-Doping Laws Doping Prevention and Interventions Doping and Athletes Doping and Criminology Doping in Sport World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.L.U. Leuven Faculty of LawLINC, Leuven Institute of CriminologyBelgiumBelgium
  2. 2.LiberaRomaItaly

Bibliographic information


“I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book, which is extremely well organised and written. This book is a page-turner that would most certainly benefit those in the fields of criminology and the criminal justice system, with particular interest in corruption, drug trafficking, and criminal networks. It would also make essential reading for students of social sciences and sport sciences, athletes and gym owners. … The Sports Doping Market is truly a wonderful book that I have absolutely no reservations to recommend.” (Eileen Barker, Trends in Organized Crime, Vol. 18, 2015)