Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS

  • S. Mahdi Kashmiri
  • Kofi A. A. Makinwa

Part of the Analog Circuits and Signal Processing book series (ACSP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 1-13
  3. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 15-44
  4. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 45-86
  5. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 87-127
  6. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 129-151
  7. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 153-185
  8. S. Mahdi Kashmiri, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    Pages 187-190
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 191-214

About this book


This book describes an alternative method of accurate on-chip frequency generation in standard CMOS IC processes. This method exploits the thermal-diffusivity of silicon, the rate at which heat diffuses through a silicon substrate.  This is the first book describing thermal-diffusivity-based frequency references, including the complete theoretical methodology supported by practical realizations that prove the feasibility of the method.  Coverage also includes several circuit and system-level solutions for the analog electronic circuit design challenges faced.


·         Surveys the state-of-the-art in all-silicon frequency references;

·         Examines the thermal properties of silicon as a solution for the challenge of on-chip accurate frequency generation;

·         Uses simplified modeling approaches that allow an electronics engineer easily to simulate the electrothermal elements;

·         Follows a top-down methodology in circuit design, in which system-level design is promoted by behavioral simulations.


Analog Circuits and Signal Processing Analog-to-digital conversion Bandgap temperature sensors Delta-sigma modulators Digitally assisted analog Electrothermal Frequency References On-chip Frequency Generation Phase-to-digital conversion Precision analog Silicon-based Frequency References Standard CMOS Temperature compensation Thermal Diffusivity Thermal-Diffusivity-Based Frequency References

Authors and affiliations

  • S. Mahdi Kashmiri
    • 1
  • Kofi A. A. Makinwa
    • 2
  1. 1.Texas Instruments, Inc.DelftNetherlands
  2. 2.Delft University of TechnologyDelftNetherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4614-6472-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4614-6473-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site