Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter

Atomic Clouds, Bose-Einstein Condensates and Rydberg Plasmas

  • J.T. Mendonça
  • Hugo Terças

Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 70)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
    Pages 1-6
  3. Atomic Clouds

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 9-34
    3. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 35-61
    4. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 63-88
    5. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 89-114
    6. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 115-139
  4. The Physics of Bose-Einstein Condensates

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 141-141
    2. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 143-162
    3. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 163-180
    4. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 181-203
    5. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 205-223
    6. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 225-240
    7. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 241-256
    8. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 257-274
  5. The Physics of Ultracold Plasmas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 275-275
    2. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 277-303
    3. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 305-337
    4. J. T. Mendonça, Hugo Terças
      Pages 339-366

About this book

Introduction

The advent of laser cooling of atoms led to the discovery of ultra-cold matter, with temperatures below liquid Helium, which displays a variety of new physical phenomena. Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter gives an overview of this recent area of science, with a discussion of its main results and a description of its theoretical concepts and methods.

Ultra-cold matter can be considered in three distinct phases: ultra-cold gas, Bose Einstein condensate, and Rydberg plasmas. This book gives an integrated view of this new area of science at the frontier between atomic physics, condensed matter, and plasma physics. It describes these three distinct phases while exploring the differences, as well as the sometimes unexpected similarities, of their respective theoretical methods.

This book is an informative guide for researchers, and the benefits are a result from an integrated view of a very broad area of research, which is limited in previous books about this subject. The main unifying tool explored in this book is the wave kinetic theory based on Wigner functions. Other theoretical approaches, eventually more familiar to the reader, are also given for extension and comparison. The book considers laser cooling techniques, atom-atom interactions, and focuses on the elementary excitations and collective oscillations in atomic clouds, Bose-Einstein condensates, and Rydberg plasmas. Linear and nonlinear processes are considered, including Landau damping, soliton excitation and vortices. Atomic interferometers and quantum coherence are also included.

Keywords

Bose-Einstein condensates Fermi gases Landau damping Rydberg atoms atom-atom interactions laser cooling techniques soliton excitation theory of ultra-cold matter ultra-cold gas book untracold plasmas

Authors and affiliations

  • J.T. Mendonça
    • 1
  • Hugo Terças
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TecnicoLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Université Blaise PascalAubière CedexFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5413-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4614-5412-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4614-5413-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1615-5653
  • About this book