Foundations of Chinese Psychology

Confucian Social Relations

  • Kwang-Kuo Hwang

Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP, volume 1)

Table of contents

About this book


Foundations of Chinese Psychology
Confucian Social Relations

Kwang-Kuo Hwang

Originally, the global exporting of psychology was considered a means of bringing science and modernism to underdeveloped parts of the world. In response, indigenous psychology has emerged as an alternative to the individual-focused theories and therapies of Western cultures, as well as a critique of the idea that the tenets of Western thought apply to all nations.

The first full-length work analyzing its Confucian roots, Foundations of Chinese Psychology strips away the myths and assumptions that can impede reliable scholarship while supplying the context necessary for decoding complex, longstanding traditions of behavior. The author re-interprets the widely held idea of collectivism (which is often defined as the absence of individualism) in favor of the more descriptive relationism, using the structure of Confucian ethics as a lens for testing theories and understanding findings on Chinese social relationships. Elaborating on key concepts such as guanxi (personal connection) and face (social standing), the book offers both a specific paradigm for studying non-Western cultures and a model for indigenous psychologies worldwide. Included in the coverage:


  • The Confucian model of mind and the way of humanity.
  • Confucian relationalism and social exchange.
  • Life goals and achievement motivation in Confucian society.
  • Ethics, morality, and the concept of face.
  • Guanxi and organizational behavior.
  • Indigenous Chinese models of conflict resolution.


Foundations of Chinese Psychology is a landmark volume of immediate interest to researchers, particularly members of the American Psychological Association, the Asian Association of Indigenous and Cultural Psychology, the International Academy of Intercultural Research, and similar organizations.


Confucian Relationalism Guan-xi Mandala model of self Scientific revolution in psychology Western psychology face and favor model indigenous psychology individualism-collectivism mientz reaging relationalism

Authors and affiliations

  • Kwang-Kuo Hwang
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. PsychologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan R.O.C.

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Behavioral Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4614-1438-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4614-1439-1
  • Series Print ISSN 1574-0455
  • Buy this book on publisher's site