Horns, Pronghorns, and Antlers

Evolution, Morphology, Physiology, and Social Significance

  • George A. Bubenik
  • Anthony B. Bubenik

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Evolution and Morphology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Colin P. Groves, Peter Grubb
      Pages 134-168
    3. Peter Grubb
      Pages 169-179
    4. Charles S. Churcher
      Pages 180-194
    5. Alan W. Gentry
      Pages 195-227
  3. Physiology, Genetics, and Behavior

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 229-229
    2. Bart W. O’Gara
      Pages 231-264
    3. George A. Bubenik
      Pages 265-297
    4. Richard J. Goss
      Pages 298-312
    5. Zbigniew Jaczewski
      Pages 371-395
    6. Simone van Mourik, Teodor Stelmasiak
      Pages 416-425
    7. Robert D. Brown
      Pages 426-441
    8. Kim T. Scribner, Michael H. Smith
      Pages 460-473
    9. George A. Bubenik
      Pages 474-487
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 488-562

About this book


Since the first drawings left on walls of ancient caves, human beings have been fascinated with that unique phenomenon of the animal kingdom, the presence of horns and antlers. From the mythical ''unicorn'' exercising the power over life and death to the perceived aphrodisiacal and other medical properties of rhinoceros horns and growing antlers, these conspicuous protuberances have had a significant place in the history of mankind. Part of that ancient interest in antlers and horns was due to their value as sym­ bols of masculinity; this interest persists today in trophy hunting, an honorable tradition carried on for centuries in many countries of the world. This book, which deals with evolution, morphology, physiology, and behavior, has not been devised as a comprehensive review of the subject of horns, prong­ horns, and antlers; rather, it is a series of chapters stimulating thoughts, discus­ sions, and initiation of new studies. As editors, we did not interfere with the content of articles nor with the opin­ ions and interpretations of our contributors, and we left them to decide whether to accept the suggestions of our reviewers. Despite the fact that various aspects of cranial appendages have been studied since the end of the eighteenth century, many controversial views still exist, as witnessed in various chapters of this book.


Geweihe Hörner Morphologie Physiologie development evolution genetics growth morphology nervous system nutrition physiology system taxonomy

Editors and affiliations

  • George A. Bubenik
    • 1
  • Anthony B. Bubenik
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  2. 2.Big Game Research & ManagementThornhillCanada

Bibliographic information