Control Motivation and Social Cognition

  • Gifford Weary
  • Faith Gleicher
  • Kerry L. Marsh

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Control Motivation: Theoretical Perspectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Models of Perceived Control

  4. Effects of Perceived Control on Social Cognition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 155-155
    2. Thane S. Pittman
      Pages 157-175
    3. Michael J. Strube, John H. Yost
      Pages 220-254
    4. Gifford Weary, Kerry L. Marsh, Faith Gleicher, John A. Edwards
      Pages 255-287
  5. Conclusions and Commentary

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 289-289
    2. Richard M. Sorrentino
      Pages 291-322
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 323-344

About this book

Introduction

Over the past two decades theorists and researchers have given increasing attention to the effects, both beneficial and harmful, of various control­ related motivations and beliefs. People's notions of how much personal control they have or desire to have over important events in their lives have been used to explain a host of performance and adaptational outcomes, including motivational and performance deficits associated with learned helplessness (Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, 1978) and depression (Abramson, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989), adaptation to aging (Baltes & Baltes, 1986; Rodin, 1986), cardiovascular disease (Matthews, 1982), cancer (Sklar & Anisman, 1979), increased reports of physical symptoms (Pennebaker, 1982), enhanced learning (Savage, Perlmutter, & Monty, 1979), achievement-related behaviors (Dweck & Licht, 1980; Ryckman, 1979), and post abortion adjustment (Mueller & Major, 1989). The notion that control motivation plays a fundamental role in a variety of basic, social psychological processes also has a long historical tradition. A number of theorists (Heider, 1958; Jones & Davis, 1965; Kelley, 1967), for example, have suggested that causal inferences arise from a desire to render the social world predictable and controllable. Similarly, control has been implicated as an important mediator of cognitive dissonance (Wicklund & Brehm, 1976) and attitude phenomena (Brehm & Brehm, 1981; Kiesler, Collins, & Miller, 1969). Despite the apparent centrality of control motivation to a variety of social psychological phenomena, until recently there has been relatively little research explicitly concerned with the effects of control motivation on the cognitive processes underlying such phenomena (cf.

Keywords

Depression Kognition Motivation Sozialpsychologie anatomy attribution cognition perception personality psychology social psychology

Editors and affiliations

  • Gifford Weary
    • 1
  • Faith Gleicher
    • 2
  • Kerry L. Marsh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of California at Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-8309-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1993
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-8311-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-8309-3
  • About this book