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Austenitic Steels at Low Temperatures

  • R. P. Reed
  • T. Horiuchi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. K. Yoshida, H. Nakajima, K. Koizumi, M. Shimada, Y. Sanada, Y. Takahashi et al.
    Pages 29-39
  3. H. M. Ledbetter
    Pages 83-103
  4. R. P. Reed, R. L. Tobler, J. W. Elmer
    Pages 105-116
  5. Kiyohiko Nohara, Tsunehiko Kato, Terufumi Sasaki, Shigeharu Suzuki, Yutaka Ono
    Pages 117-133
  6. R. P. Reed, J. M. Arvidson, J. W. Ekin, R. H. Schoon
    Pages 187-198
  7. T. A. Whipple, H. I. McHenry
    Pages 243-248
  8. S. Tone, M. Ogawa, M. Yamaga, H. Kaji, T. Horiuchi, Y. Kasamatsu et al.
    Pages 263-275
  9. K. Hiraga, K. Ishikawa, T. Ogata, K. Nagai
    Pages 277-286
  10. R. Miura, K. Ohnishi, H. Nakajima, Y. Takahashi, K. Yoshida
    Pages 287-293
  11. K. Ishikawa, K. Hiraga, T. Ogata, K. Nagai
    Pages 295-309
  12. H. I. McHenry, J. W. Elmer, T. Inoue
    Pages 327-338
  13. Tadao Ogawa, Hiroki Masumoto, Hiroyuki Homma
    Pages 339-348
  14. H. Yoshida, T. Kozuka, K. Miyata, H. Kodaka
    Pages 349-354
  15. Masato Murakami, Koji Shibata, Toshio Fujita
    Pages 355-368
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 383-388

About this book

Introduction

The need for alternate energy sources has led to the develop­ ment of prototype fusion and MHD reactors. Both possible energy systems in current designs usually require the use of magnetic fields for plasma confinement and concentration. For the creation and maintenance of large 5 to 15 tesla magnetic fields, supercon­ ducting magnets appear more economical. But the high magnetic fields create large forces, and the complexities of the conceptual reactors create severe space restrictions. The combination of re­ quirements, plus the desire to keep construction costs at a mini­ mum, has created a need for stronger structural alloys for service at liquid helium temperature (4 K). The complexity of the required structures requires that these alloys be weldable. Furthermore, since the plasma is influenced by magnetic fields and since magnet­ ic forces from the use of ferromagnetic materials in many configur­ ations may be additive, the best structural alloy for most applica­ tions should be nonmagnetic. These requirements have led to consideration of higher strength austenitic steels. Strength increases at low temperatures are achieved by the addition of nitrogen. The stability of the austenitic structure is retained by adding manganese instead of nickel, which is more expensive. Research to develop these higher strength austenitic steels is in process, primarily in Japan and the United States.

Keywords

alloy crystal fatigue iron liquid

Editors and affiliations

  • R. P. Reed
    • 1
  • T. Horiuchi
    • 2
  1. 1.National Bureau of StandardsBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Kobe Steel, Ltd.KobeJapan

Bibliographic information