Biodeterioration Research 1

  • Gerald C. Llewellyn
  • Charles E. O’Rear

Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Biodeterioration and Biodegradation of Synthetic Materials and Structures of Biological Origin

    1. Gerald C. Llewellyn
      Pages 1-2
  3. Biodeterioration and Biodegradation of Synthetic Materials and Structures of Biological Origin

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 3-3
    2. William V. Dashek
      Pages 5-5
    3. Rosannah Taylor, John E. Mayfield, Walter C. Shortle, Gerald C. Llewellyn, William V. Dashek
      Pages 43-62
    4. Rosannah Taylor, Gerald C. Llewellyn, John E. Mayfield, Walter C. Shortle, William V. Dashek
      Pages 63-74
    5. John D. Bultman, Raymond H. Beal, Frederick F. K. Ampong
      Pages 75-85
    6. Joseph M. Serowik, Walter F. Rowe
      Pages 87-93
  4. Mycotoxins as Biodeteriogens and Mycotoxin Biodegradation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 95-95
    2. Gerald C. Llewellyn
      Pages 97-98
    3. Mohammad Babadoost, Winston M. Hagler Jr, Daryl T. Bowman, Paul E. Nelson
      Pages 99-109
    4. Amaury J. Martinez, Mary W. Trucksess, Douglas L. Park
      Pages 111-118
    5. Sunee Trofa, George A. Bean, Hamdy Y. Aly
      Pages 119-126
    6. Helen S. Bartlett, Mark E. Wilson, James Croom Jr., Harry P. Broquist, Winston M. Hagler Jr.
      Pages 135-148
    7. Adrian S. Krawczeniuk, Charles E. O’Rear, Philip B. Mislivec, Verneal R. Bruce, Mary W. Trucksess, Gerald C. Llewellyn
      Pages 149-164
    8. Gerald C. Llewellyn, Charles E. O’Rear, William V. Dashek
      Pages 175-191
    9. Muriel S. Palmgren, Deborah S. Fleischhacker
      Pages 193-196
    10. Gerald C. Llewellyn, J. D. Reynolds, Charles E. O’Rear, William V. Dashek
      Pages 197-211
    11. Henry M. Stahr, Gary D. Osweiler, Paula Martin, Marlaine Domoto, Brad Debey
      Pages 231-238
    12. L. Bruce Weekley, Charles E. O’rear, Gerald C. Llewellyn
      Pages 239-249
  5. General Biodeterioration and Biodegradation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 251-251
    2. Charles E. O’Rear
      Pages 253-253
    3. H. W. Rossmoore, L. A. Rossmoore, C. E. Young
      Pages 255-268
  6. Biodeterioration Research for the Conservation of Art and Antiquity in Libraries, Museums, and the Outdoors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 291-291
    2. Alan W. Postlethwaite
      Pages 293-294
    3. Robert J. Koestler, Edward D. Santoro, Leslie Ransick, Robert H. Brill, Merrill Lynn
      Pages 295-307
    4. Robert J. Koestler, Edward D. Santoro, Frank Preusser, Abel Rodarte
      Pages 317-321
    5. William R. Chamberlain
      Pages 323-327
  7. Chitin And Lignocellulose Biodeterioration and Biodegradation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 329-329
    2. Richard A. Smucker
      Pages 331-332
    3. Rufus K. Guthrie, Daniel Q. Cofie
      Pages 339-346
    4. Richard A. Smucker, Chi K. Kim
      Pages 347-355
    5. Robert E. Hodson, Mary Ann Moran, Ronald Benner
      Pages 357-374
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 375-388

About this book


Man-made textile fibers are frequently encountered as trace evidence in criminal investigations. This study examined the effects of burial in soil on the biodeterioration of synthetic textile fibers such as cellulose acetate, nylon, polyesters and acrylics. Cellulose acetate fibers began to show signs of decomposition within two months after burial in common garden topsoil and were completely degraded within four to nine months. It was found that severely decomposed cellulose acetate fibers could be identified by pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography even when other methods such as polarized light microscopy and dispersion staining failed. The solubility behavior of the cellulose acetate fibers also was altered. The other types of fibers showed no detectable alteration at the end of the twelve-month study. REFERENCES American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (1971). AATCC Technical Manual, AATCC, Triangle Park, NC. Cook, R., and Paterson, M.D. (1978). New techniques for the identifi- tion of microscopic samples of textile fibers by infrared spectroscopy. Forensic Sci. Int., 12, 237-243. DeForest, P.R., Geansslen, R.E., and Lee, H.C. (1983). Forensic Science: An Introduction to Criminalistics, McGraw-Hill Book Company, NY. Federal Bureau of Investigation (1978). Solubility schemes by generic class. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC. Fong, W. (1982). Rapid microscopic identification of synthetic fibers in a single liquid mount. ~ Forensic Sci., 27, 257-263.


alloy ecology electron microscopy environment growth infrared spectroscopy liquid microbial ecology microorganism microscopy modeling polymer soil spectroscopy wetland

Editors and affiliations

  • Gerald C. Llewellyn
    • 1
  • Charles E. O’Rear
    • 2
  1. 1.Virginia Department of HealthRichmondUSA
  2. 2.George Washington UniversityUSA

Bibliographic information