The Arctic Seas

Climatology, Oceanography, Geology, and Biology

  • Yvonne Herman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. W. D. Hibler III
    Pages 47-91
  3. Leif Anderson, David Dyrssen
    Pages 93-114
  4. M. J. Dunbar
    Pages 115-122
  5. Rita A. Horner
    Pages 123-146
  6. B. R. Heimdal
    Pages 193-222
  7. Yvonne Herman, Ole G. N. Andersen
    Pages 223-234
  8. I. A. Mel’nikov
    Pages 235-255
  9. A. N. Golikov, O. A. Scarlato
    Pages 257-279
  10. V. V. Fedyakov, A. D. Naumov
    Pages 303-324
  11. A. N. Golikov
    Pages 325-340
  12. Valentina I. Gontar, Nina V. Denisenko
    Pages 341-371
  13. S. D. Stepanjants
    Pages 397-430
  14. S. V. Vassilenko
    Pages 431-444
  15. S. B. Kruglikova
    Pages 461-480
  16. E. I. Polyakova
    Pages 481-496
  17. B. L. K. Somayajulu, P. Sharma, Yvonne Herman
    Pages 571-579
  18. Yvonne Herman, J. K. Osmond, B. L. K. Somayajulu
    Pages 581-655
  19. D. A. Darby, A. S. Naidu, T. C. Mowatt, G. Jones
    Pages 657-720
  20. V. S. Zarkhidze, Yu. G. Samoilovich
    Pages 721-727
  21. A. A. Velitchko, L. L. lsayeva, D. B. Oreshkin, M. A. Faustova
    Pages 729-758
  22. A. N. Belyaeva, A. I. Daniushevskaya, E. A. Romankevich
    Pages 761-795
  23. Back Matter
    Pages 863-888

About this book


The Arctic region has long held a fascination for explorers and scientists of many countries. Despite the numerous voyages of exploration, the na­ ture of the central Arctic was unknown only 90 years ago; it was believed to be a shallow sea dotted with islands. During Nansen's historic voyage on the polarship Fram, which commenced in 1893, the great depth of the central basin was discovered. In the Soviet Union, investigation of the Arctic Ocean became national policy after 1917. Today research at several scientific institutions there is devoted primarily to the study of the North Polar Ocean and seas. The systematic exploration of the Arctic by the United States com­ menced in 1951. Research has been conducted year-round from drifting ice islands, which are tabular fragments of glacier ice that break away from ice shelves. Most frequently, ice islands originate off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. These research platforms are occupied as weather sta­ tions, as well as for oceanographic and geophysical studies. Several inter­ national projects, conducted by Canadian, European, and U. S. groups, have been underway during the last three decades. Although much new data have accumulated since the publication of the Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas volume in 1974 (Yvonne Herman, ed. ), in various fields of polar research-including present-day ice cover, hydrogra­ phy, fauna, flora, and geology-many questions remain to be answered.


Arctic Ocean Climatology Coast Ocean Oceanography Sea ice ecosystem geochemistry marine marine geology plankton

Editors and affiliations

  • Yvonne Herman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

Bibliographic information