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Microbiology and Biochemistry of Strict Anaerobes Involved in Interspecies Hydrogen Transfer

  • Jean-Pierre Bélaich
  • Mireille Bruschi
  • Jean-Louis Garcia

Part of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium Series book series (FEMS, volume 54)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Plenary Lectures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Thomas Leisinger, Leo Meile
      Pages 11-23
    3. Gerrit Voordouw
      Pages 37-51
    4. Alfons J. M. Stams, Alexander J. B. Zehnder
      Pages 87-98
    5. R. A. Mah, L.-Y. Xun, D. R. Boone, B. Ahring, P. H. Smith, A. Wilkie
      Pages 99-111
  3. Conferences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. Microbiology

      1. Colin S. Stewart, Anthony J. Richardson, Roseileen M. Douglas, Corinne J. Rumney
        Pages 121-131
      2. Arno T. P. Skrabanja, Alfons J. M. Stams
        Pages 133-139
      3. Siegfried M. Schoberth, Ulrich Ney, Hermann Sahm
        Pages 141-149
      4. J. Benstead, D. B. Archer, D. Lloyd
        Pages 161-171
      5. G. R. Gibson, J. H. Cummings, G. T. Macfarlane
        Pages 191-202
      6. Kaoru Matsuda, Kazunori Nakamura, Yoichi Kamagata, Eiichi Mikami
        Pages 203-212
      7. N. D. Lindley, E. Gros, P. LeBloas, M. Cocaign, P. Loubiére
        Pages 213-223
    3. Biochemistry

      1. P. E. Rouviere, C. H. Kuhner, R. S. Wolfe
        Pages 259-267
      2. J. P. Bélaich, P. Heitz, M. Rousset, J. L. Garcia
        Pages 269-280
      3. F. P. Houwen, J. Plokker, C. Dijkema, A. J. M. Stams
        Pages 281-289
      4. Bernard Laine, François Chartier, Marlène Imbert, Pierre Sautière
        Pages 291-301
    4. Genetics

      1. Michael Thomm, Gerhard Frey, Winfried Hausner, Berit Brüdigam
        Pages 305-312
      2. M. Béchet, P. Pheulpin, J.-C. Joncquiert, Y. Tierny, J.-B. Guillaume
        Pages 313-327
      3. Paulette M. Vignais, Annette Colbeau, Béatrice Cauvin, Pierre Richaud
        Pages 329-336
      4. Marie-Andrée Mandrand, Long-Fei Wu, David Boxer
        Pages 337-348
  4. Poster Session

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 349-349
    2. Microbilology

      1. Birgitte Ahring, Peter Westermann, R. A. Mah
        Pages 351-353
      2. Janiche Beeder, Torleiv Lien, Terje Torsvik
        Pages 359-360
      3. A. Brauman, M. D. Kane, M. Labat, J. A. Breznak
        Pages 369-371
      4. Jayne Ellis, Kevin Hillman, Alan G. Williams, David Lloyd
        Pages 373-376
      5. Jayne Ellis, Kevin Hillman, Alan G. Williams, David Lloyd
        Pages 377-379
      6. M. Greksák, P. Šmigáň, J. Kozánková, F. Buzek, V. Onderka, I. Wolf
        Pages 381-383
      7. Elizabeth Henry, Timothy Ford, Rralph Mitchell
        Pages 391-393
      8. Rumen Ciliate Protozoa, Kevin Hillman, Alan G. Williams, David Lloyd
        Pages 395-397
      9. Shanthi Krishnan, K. Lalitha
        Pages 403-405
      10. S. Larsen, B. K. Ahring
        Pages 407-410

About this book

Introduction

The belief that energy might be a limiting factor for the development of humanity led twenty years ago to a great interest being'taken in research on anaerobic digestion. The first international symposium held in Cardiff in 1979 was followed by the meetings in Travenmund (1981), Boston (1983), Guangzhou (1985) and Bologna (1988). By now anaerobic digestion has come to be recognized as an appropriate technology for waste treatment. More recently, the increase in the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere and (in developed countries, especially_ in the EEC) the· fact that more and more land is becoming available for purposes other than food production make biomass production economically and/or socially feasible for industrial purposes. The possibility of using renewable organic carbon resources in this way is of great potential interest for developing biological techniques and could considerably increase the use of anaerobic micro-organisms in cellulose biotransformation and energy production from crop residues. This FEMS Symposium is devoted to the interspecies hydrogen transfer phenomenon involved in the mineralization of organic matter in anaerobiosis. This process is carried out in Nature by consortia of anaerobic micro-organisms living syntrophically. Many industrial applications of these consortia as black boxes for biogas production and waste treatment have been described. Although these early approaches were fruitful, it seems likely that a better knowledge at the molecular level of the more characteristic anaerobic bacteria which constitute these consortia would greatly increase and improve the utilization of these organisms.

Keywords

ATP Coenzym Fermentation Glucose Oxidation bacteria biochemistry escherichia coli genetic engineering metabolism microorganism physiology reductase temperature transcription

Editors and affiliations

  • Jean-Pierre Bélaich
    • 1
  • Mireille Bruschi
    • 1
  • Jean-Louis Garcia
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie BactérienneCNRSMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.ORSTOMUniversité de ProvenceMarseilleFrance

Bibliographic information