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Attention and Self-Regulation

A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior

  • Charles S. Carver
  • Michael F. Scheier

Part of the SSSP Springer Series in Social Psychology book series (SSSOC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Background

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 3-10
    3. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 11-31
    4. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 33-55
  3. Information and the Use of Recognitory Schemas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 57-57
    2. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 59-76
    3. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 77-94
    4. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 95-116
  4. Attention and Motivation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 117-118
    2. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 119-141
    3. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 143-166
    4. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 167-182
  5. Interruption, Expectancy and the Reassertion-Withdrawal Decision

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-184
    2. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 185-201
    3. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 203-222
    4. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 223-241
    5. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 243-266
  6. Implications for Specific Problems in Social and Personality Psychology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 267-268
    2. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 269-285
    3. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 287-305
    4. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 307-325
    5. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 327-338
  7. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 339-339
    2. Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier
      Pages 341-348
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 349-403

About this book

Introduction

"Seek simplicity and distrust it. " Alfred North Whitehead "It will become all too clear that an ability to see patterns in behavior, an ability that some might feel proud of, can lead more easily to a wrong description than a right one. " William T. Powers The goal of the theorist-the scholar-is to take a collection of observations of the world, and perceive order in them. This process necessarily imposes an artificial simplicity upon those observations. That is, specific observations are weighed differently from each other whenever a theoretical account is abstracted from raw experiences. Some observed events are misunderstood or distorted, others are seen as representing random fluctuations and are ignored, and yet others are viewed as centrally important. This abstraction and oversimplification of reality is inevitable in theory construction. Moreover, the abstracted vision builds upon itself. That is, as a structure begins to emerge from continued observation, the structure itself guides the search for new information. The result is a construction that is more elaborate than what existed before, but it still is usually simpler than reality. It is important for scholars to believe in the value of their task, and in the general correctness of the vision that guides their work. This commitment, and the hope of progress that follows from it, make it possible to continue even when the work is difficult and slow.

Keywords

Action Aggression Attribution Emotion Experimentelle Psychologie Kybernetische Psychologie Motivation Regulation attention behavior perception psychology social psychology

Authors and affiliations

  • Charles S. Carver
    • 1
  • Michael F. Scheier
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyCarnegie-Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

Bibliographic information