© 1982

Marine Mesocosms

Biological and Chemical Research in Experimental Ecosystems

  • George D. Grice
  • Michael R. Reeve

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. George D. Grice, Michael R. Reeve
    Pages 1-9
  3. John C. Gamble, John M. Davies
    Pages 25-48
  4. Michael Amdurer, Dennis M Adler, Peter H Santschi
    Pages 81-95
  5. Graham Topping, Ian M Davies, John M Pirie
    Pages 167-179
  6. Uwe H Brockmann, Gerhard Kattner, Einar Dahl
    Pages 195-204
  7. Victor Smetacek, Bodo von Bodungen, Bastiaan Knoppers, Falk Pollehne, Bernt Zeitzschel
    Pages 205-216
  8. Woollcott Smith, Victoria R. Gibson, J. Frederick Grassle
    Pages 217-225
  9. John H. Steele, John C. Gamble
    Pages 227-237

About this book


Techniques developed for enclosing viable natural planktonic ecosystems pro­ vided the opportunity for prolonged and detailed investigation of dynamic events within the pelagic system of a known water body. Recent investigations into plankton ecology, using enclosure systems in dif­ ferent marine environments, are discussed in relation to the data obtained from the Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, plastic-sphere experiments of 1960 and 1962. Three types of modern enclosure experiments are recognized: floating systems within nutrient levels maintained or running down, and benthic attached systems. The review largely discusses results from the two kinds of floating systems. Processes at several trophic levels have been investigated in enclosures. This review attempts to draw together details from all experimental systems to emphasize the enclosures' contribution to our understanding of planktonic systems. Enclosures made it possible to examine primary production processes, particularly in relation to inorganic nutrient availability and water-column sta­ bility. Recent experiments have used the understanding of these processes as a management technique in maintaining different planktonic systems. Relation­ ships between primary and secondary trophic levels are not always easy to inter­ pret, since the growth of primary carnivore populations can often determine the survival of zooplankton populations. Nevertheless, the development of co­ horts of herbivorous zooplankton has been followed in several enclosures, yield­ ing useful information on development times and production rates. In enclosed systems it is thus possible to directly relate tertiary level production to inorganic nutrient input, and to calculate production rates and exchange efficiencies at several trophic levels.


Meere Meeresökologie biology chemistry ecology ecosystem environment marine ecology mesocosm nitrogen ocean phytoplankton plankton plankton ecology

Editors and affiliations

  • George D. Grice
    • 1
  • Michael R. Reeve
    • 2
  1. 1.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleU.S.A.
  2. 2.Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceUniversity of MiamiMiamiU.S.A.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Marine Mesocosms
  • Book Subtitle Biological and Chemical Research in Experimental Ecosystems
  • Editors G.D. Grice
    M.R. Reeve
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1982
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-387-90579-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-1-4612-5647-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-4612-5645-8
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages , 430
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Ecology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site